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The Definitive History of the Colors of Crayola

Part 11 – Enter the No. 48

This is a multi-part series of articles written to tell the tale of the history of color names for Crayola. 

You can visit earlier parts here: Part 1 - In the Beginning there was..., Part 2 - The Original Color Line Up, Part 3 - Other Color Names, Part 4 - The Gold Medal Changeover, Part 5 - Dwindling Down, Part 6 - Changes in the Roaring 20s, Part 7 - Crayola Color Wheel, Part 8 - New Assortments Equals New Color Changes, Part 9 - Crayola's Biggest Assortment Secret, Part 10 - War Time Changes

 

Post War

 

In 1945 as the war was ending, Crayola had already reinstated sourcing for two of their mainstay colors that been temporarily discontinued.  Both Magenta and Flesh Tint were back on their catalog list of colors.  The only problem with that is that they had already reconfigured their No. 24, 241 assortments without those colors and so these colors returned only to the Bulk order list.

 

image027They also changed their wrapper types yet again after the war and went to an all upper-case version of the color names and for the first time in which every color used it.

 

With each subsequent year, Crayola slowly rebuilt their crayon color sources.  They reintroduced their hinged tins when metal was available in production again.  But by 1948 they still hadn’t reintroduced any of their larger assortment boxes into the marketplace.  That all changed in 1949.

 

Introduction of the Crayola No. 48 Box

 

In 1949 Crayola launched their flagship assortment, the new No. 48 box.  The box was an expansion of their existing No. 24 which by this time had a fold-back lid that behaved like a hinge and opened to four rows of six crayons on a stadium design so that it would showcase the tips of every color when looked at from straight on, not just from the top as in earlier designs.  In the case of the No. 48, they expanded this to six rows of eight crayons on a similar stadium design using a similar style box with the fold-back lid.

 

But behind the scenes, this box was also the culmination of a redesign of their entire color line.  Not since the acquisition of Munsell had they so changed their colors this wide scale.  Inside the No. 48 were the colors:  AZURE BLUE, BLACK, BLUE, BLUE-GREEN, BLUE-VIOLET, BRILLIANT ROSE, BROWN, BURNT SIENNA, CARMINE RED, CERULEAN BLUE, COBALT BLUE, DARK GREEN, DARK-RED, FLESH, GOLD OCHRE, GREEN, INDIAN RED, LAVENDER, LIGHT GREEN, LIGHT MAGENTA, LIGHT TURQUOISE GREEN, LIGHT YELLOW, MAGENTA, MAHOGANY, MED. RED VIOLET, MEDIUM BLUE, MEDIUM ORANGE, MEDIUM ROSE, MEDIUM VIOLET, MEDIUM YELLOW, MIDDLE BLUE-GREEN, NEUTRAL GRAY, OLIVE GREEN, ORANGE, PRUSSIAN BLUE, RAW UMBER, RED, RED-ORANGE, RED-VIOLET, ROSE-PINK, SALMON, SILVER, TURQUOISE BLUE, VIOLET, WHITE, YELLOW, YELLOW-GREEN, YELLOW-ORANGE.

 

No 48 1949 color set

 

With this introduction there were six colors that seemed to be completely new:  Azure Blue, Cerulean Blue, Dark Red, Lavender, Mahogany, Salmon

 

There were also some confusing changes:  Brilliant Rose and Rose Pink?  How were these two different?  In addition to Magenta returning back to the lineup they also added a Light Magenta color?

 

With the new line up, several colors got minor name changes.  Flesh Tint was now Flesh and Carmine was now Carmine Red.

 

Interestingly, Silver got added to the list but not Gold.  Of the three original metallic colors Copper, Gold and Silver, only Gold and Silver were ever offered up as a Bulk crayon but both went away during the war and apparently only Silver returned after the war.  Perhaps their sources for Gold couldn’t be reestablished in time for this.  Perhaps they just chose not to.  Perhaps we will never know the motivation for this just as we’ll never know the motivation to offer colors for over thirty years without ever putting them into a color assortment box.

 

Given the probability of Crayola renaming true colors and swapping colors, let’s look at the color swatches and do a comparison with what we had before to determine which are new colors and which are just reused colors.

 

Blue color family:

 

Blue Swatches 1949

 

Of course the first thing that came up was that there was apparently a new chapter added to the complex tale of Blue.  If you will recall, Blue swapped its original 1903 true color back in 1935 and Celestial Blue took over that true color when they brought Celestial Blue back in 1939.  Now apparently the Blue color they were using since 1935 has swapped once again and was now Medium Blue.  Blue, meanwhile, had adopted a brand new color that had a bit more purple in it.  Granted, the Medium Blue and Blue swatches were colored a bit heavier from each other so I validated it several times and these were the same color.

 

What I did observe about blue colors was that they were a general mess to validate.  Trying to figure out Cerulean Blue was too difficult for me to determine and so I just categorized it as a new color although it may very well have been inherited from something before.  Interestingly, the blue color that the revived Celestial Blue took ultimately became Azure Blue in this color line up.

 

Another color pair nearly impossible to tell the difference between was the new Light Turquoise Blue and Turquoise Blue.  They look like they have the same true color in my opinion but why would Crayola put the same color twice in a box and pair it off as a unique color just because they renamed it?  My color swatches were just too close to call and so I did some more comparisons and found that Light Turquoise Blue looks to have really come from Middle Blue.  Now, the swatches above all look generally the same but after some experimentation I’m convinced these two are the same color.

 

Oh, and one might argue that the Blue Green colors or the Turquoise Blue colors have changed true colors when comparing swatches but I double checked those and it was merely inconsistent degrees of coloring that produced that effect.  They were still the same true colors.

 

Green color family:

 

Green Swatches 1949

 

Crayola made some subtle changes in the green family.  The Olive Green got a bit greener than before but I’m not going to classify that as a true color change.  Light Green was back in the color line up but had a new true color; much bluer and less yellow looking than the original.  My color swatch for Yellow Green was a bit misleading because of the heavy lay down of color in it.  The true color did remain the same.  Dark Green was now nearly indistinguishable from Green.  It actually was slightly darker but they had really changed the true color from what it was back in the 1930s to a much more green color.

 

Purple color family:

 

Purple Swatches 1949

 

Lavender had some confusing research done on it in years past.  My old friend John Astolfi even wrote that this color came from the Munsell original color Middle Purple in his color notes on his web site.  John has proven to be pretty accurate in his research,  however, when comparing these two color swatches there really wasn’t that much similarity and in fact Lavender doesn’t really compare to any other color in the purple family so it looked to be a new color they must have formulated when they went to reestablish their color line after the war.  I can’t fault John though because I too had been through this color research several years earlier and some of my own findings from back then weren’t accurate either.

 

I took a vintage Brilliant Rose and Medium Rose crayon and colored with them at the same time side by side so that I had the same thickness of color on the paper and I just couldn’t see much of a difference.  If you look at the two crayons though, there was a slightly lighter appearance to the Medium Rose crayon.  When I performed the same experiment with Light Magenta and Brilliant Rose, they too looked identical on paper and yet completely different in appearance on the crayon.  I’m going to give them their own unique true colors but I’m very skeptical that these aren’t just the same lay down color.

 

The same thing was true of Medium Violet and Violet.  They pulled a fast one on everybody.  I defy anyone to try and show those two as distinct different colors when you lay them down on paper.  I can blend the two together on the computer or on paper and cannot tell where one ends and one begins.  Nice try, Crayola!  Still, they are so distinct in color appearance that they’ll begrudgingly get their own true colors.

 

Now Violet had changed a lot since we originally saw it.  I was giving it some latitude earlier when the color started to get more vibrant from the original color.  Everyone knows Crayola would naturally improve their core colors over time without necessarily switching the true color.  In the case of Violet, it has lost all of the blackish or reddish hues that the color carried earlier.  No, this was a new true color.

 

Red color family:

 

Red Swatches 1949

 

Right off the bat, Dark Red and Salmon were new color names and true colors.  No question on these.  Red itself was much more vibrant than the Red of 1903 but it’s still the same red and my last few swatches were colored pretty heavily to make them appear much richer and vibrant.

 

Carmine Red got a name change.  I guess they had to add the word “red” to it so people would know what color family it was.  The color had lost some of the purplish hues since it was introduced but I didn’t split hairs, I left it as the same true color.

 

Medium Orange was the only other new one to show up and though my swatch wasn’t terrific, more experiments showed that the true color was actually taken from Middle Yellow Red.

 

Yellow Color Family:

 

Yellow Swatches 1949

 

They also took this opportunity to clean up their basic yellows and align them better.  This time around we had a multi-swapping of true colors going on.  Yellow took its true color from the old Maximum Yellow (as Gamboge Yellow did back in 1941) and what was Yellow became Light Yellow.  Finally, their yellows were making sense!

 

Not to go into all of the brown family but Mahogany was the only new color.  Here was the swatch:

 

Mahogany 1949

 

So where did that leave us with color counts active?  Did we go from 24 named and true colors to 48 named and true colors?  Yes, but in reality, it was a bit more complex:

 

Azure Blue was a new named color but its true color came from the Celestial Blue that was in the No. 52 assortment and disappeared afterwards.

Blue was a new true color.  This is the third time now Blue had adopted a new color.

Brilliant Rose was a new name and true color.

Carmine Red was a name change for the same Carmine true color.

Cerulean Blue was a new name and true color.

Dark Green had a new true color.

Dark Red was a new name and true color.

Flesh was a name change for the same Flesh Tint true color.

Lavender was a new name and true color.

Light Green was back and had a new true color.

Light Magenta was a new name and true color even though it laid down the same as Medium Rose.

Light Turquoise Blue was a new named color but its true color came from Middle Blue.

Light Yellow had a new true color but not new to the list because it was the old Yellow.

Mahogany was a new name and true color.

Medium Blue was a new name but got its true color from the Blue that was around in the late 1930s (which was Blue’s second true color at the time).

Medium Orange was a new name but got its true color from Middle Yellow Red.

Medium Red Violet was a new name and true color.

Medium Rose was a new name and true color even though it laid down the same as Light Magenta.

Medium Violet was a new name true color even though it laid down the same as Violet.

Salmon was a new name and true color.

Violet had a new true color though it suspiciously laid down the same as Medium Violet though the two don’t look the same.

Yellow had a new true color but it actually isn’t new to the list because it was the old Maximum Yellow true color.

 

Some colors came back from their “temporary shortage” though they didn’t have any name or true color changes:  Cobalt Blue, Magenta, Middle Blue Green, Raw Umber, Silver (which was finally back in an assortment),

 

A multitude of colors just didn’t make it back from the temporary shortage and color reworking.  The following colors were actually discontinued, not just listed as “temporary shortage” as a result: Burnt Umber, Gold, Venetian Red, Maximum Blue, Maximum Blue Green, Maximum Green, Maximum Green Yellow, Maximum Purple, Maximum Purple Blue, Maximum Red, Maximum Red Purple, Maximum Yellow, Maximum Yellow Red,  Middle Blue, Middle Blue Green, Middle Green, Middle Green Yellow, Middle Purple, Middle Purple Blue, Middle Red, Middle Red Purple, Middle Yellow, Middle Yellow Red, Sepia

 

So, after all of that, we went from 24 to 48 active named and true colors

 

And we add another entry to Crayola’s largest assortment list:

1903 – 1910, 30 colors (compliments of the No. 30)

1911 – 1934, 24 colors (compliments of the Rubens-Crayola No. 24)

1935 – 1938, 32 colors (compliments of the No. 332)

1939 – 1944, 52 colors (compliments of the No. 52)

1945 – 1948, 24 colors (compliments of the No. 24,241)

1949 – 1957, 48 colors (compliments of the No. 48)

 

Let’s take a look at the color list at the end of 1949:

 

Named
Color #

True
Color #


Color Name

Year

Named

True Color

Year

End

Date


End Reason

All

UC

All

LC

Mix

UC/LC


Other Name Variations on Wrapper


Notes

1

1

Black

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

2

2

Blue

1903

1903

1935

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

True color renamed to Celestial Blue

2

66

Blue

1903

1935

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

2

70

Blue

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

3

3

Brown

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Van Dyke Brown

4

4

Burnt Sienna

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

Bt. Sienna, Burnt-Sienna

 

5

5

Burnt Umber

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

6

6

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Only found in No. 51 box

6

2

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1944

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Reused color name for orig. 1903 Blue color; only found in No. 52 box

7

7

Charcoal Gray

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Charc Gray

 

8

8

Chrome Green, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green DK, Ch. Green Dk.

Same color as Green, Dark

9

9

Chrome Green, Light

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

Chr Green L, CHR. GREEN L, Chr Green Lt.

Same color as Green, Light

10

10

Chrome Green, Medium

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green M

Same color as Green, Medium; Medium Green

11

11

Chrome Yellow, Light

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow

12

12

Chrome Yellow, Medium

1903

1903

1935

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr Yellow Med.

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow

13

13

Cobalt Blue

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Blue; only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon 1935-1943; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

14

14

Copper

1903

1903

1915

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

15

15

Dark Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

 

Same color as Prussian Blue

16

8

Dark Green

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Green, Dark; Chrome Green, Dark

16

71

Dark Green

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

17

16

English Vermillion

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Eng. Vermillion, Eng. Vermilion

 

18

17

Flesh Tint

1903

1903

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon starting 1935; Same color as Flesh; Not available 1944 due to WWII

19

18

Gold

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

1915-1943 only offered in Bulk; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

20

19

Gold Ochre

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Golden Ochre

21

19

Golden Ochre

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Gold Ochre

22

20

Green

1903

1903

1930

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

22

61

Green

1903

1930

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

23

8

Green, Dark

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Dark; Dark Green

24

9

Green, Light

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Light

25

10

Green, Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

Yes

 

 No

Green, Med.,

Same color as Chrome Green, Medium; Medium Green

26

21

Indian Red

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

Ind. Red

 

27

11

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow.  Only found in No. 51 box

28

14

Light Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Cobalt Blue.   Made exclusively for E.C. Charlton Stores

29

11

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

Yellow Lt.; Lt. Yellow

Same color as Lemon Yellow; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; Same color as Medium Yellow (true color 11)

29

38

Light Yellow

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Yellow (true color 38) that it inherited in 1949

30

22

Madder Lake

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

31

23

Magenta

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Permanent Magenta; Not available 1944 due to WWII

32

10

Medium Green

1903

1903

1939

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Med. Green

Same color as Green, Medium; Chrome Green, Medium; 1935-1939 only avail in long crayon size in No. 99

33

12

Medium Yellow

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

Med. Yellow

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Chrome Yellow, Medium; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

34

24

Olive Green

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

35

25

Orange

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

36

26

Permanent Geranium Lake

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

37

23

Permanent Magenta

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Magenta

38

27

Pink

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Rose Pink

49

15

Prussian Blue

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

Prus. Blue

Same color as Dark Blue

40

28

Purple

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Violet

41

29

Raw Sienna

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

42

30

Raw Umber

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

43

31

Red

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

44

27

Rose Pink

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Pink

45

32

Silver

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

1915-1943 offered only as bulk; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

46

33

Ultramarine Blue

1903

1903

1944

Temporary Shortage

Yes

 

Yes

ULT. BLUE; Ult. Blue

WWII forced shortage starting in 1944

47

3

Van Dyke Brown

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Brown.  Only found in No. 51 box

48

34

Venetian Red

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Ven. Red

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon from 1935-1937 Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

49

35

Venetian Red, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

50

36

Venetian Red, Light

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

51

28

Violet

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Purple

51

72

Violet

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

52

37

White

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

53

38

Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow (second one)

53

48

Yellow

1903

1926

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Maximum Yellow

54

12

Yellow Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow

55

9

Light Green

1910

1910

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

Lt. Green

Same color as Chrome Green, Light; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

55

73

Light Green

1910

1949

1949

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

56

39

Maximum Black

1926

1926

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935

57

40

Maximum Blue

1926

1926

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; same color as Blue Green

58

41

Maximum Blue Green

1926

1926

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Maximum Blue-Green

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

59

42

Maximum Green

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

60

43

Maximum Green Yellow

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Maximum Green-Yellow

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

61

44

Maximum Purple

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

62

45

Maximum Purple Blue

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Maximum Purple-Blue

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

63

46

Maximum Red

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

64

47

Maximum Red Purple

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Maxmimum Red-Purple

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

65

48

Maximum Yellow

1926

1926

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Same color as Gamboge Yellow, Yellow (second one); Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

66

49

Maximum Yellow Red

1926

1926

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Middle Yellow-Red

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Same color as Yellow Orange; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

67

50

Middle Blue

1926

1926

1949

Used as other Name

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; Same color as Light Turquoise Blue

68

51

Middle Blue Green

1926

1926

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

Middle Blue-Green

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

69

52

Middle Grey

1926

1926

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Same color as Neutral Gray; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

70

53

Middle Green

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

71

54

Middle Green Yellow

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Middle Green-Yellow

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

72

55

Middle Purple

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

73

56

Middle Purple Blue

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Middle Purple-Blue

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

74

57

Middle Red

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

75

58

Middle Red Purple

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Middle Red-Purple

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

76

59

Middle Yellow

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

77

60

Middle Yellow Red

1926

1926

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Middle Yellow-Red

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; Same color as Medium Orange

78

40

Blue Green

1930

1930

 

 

Yes

 

 

Blue-Green

Same color as Maximum Blue

79

62

Blue Violet

1930

1930

 

 

Yes

 

 

Blue-Violet

 

80

52

Neutral Gray

1930

1926

 

 

Yes

 

 

Neutral-Gray

Same color as Middle Grey

81

63

Red Orange

1930

1930

 

 

Yes

 

 

Red-Orange

 

82

64

Red Violet

1930

1930

 

 

Yes

 

 

Red-Violet

 

83

65

Yellow Green

1930

1930

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yellow-Green

 

84

49

Yellow Orange

1930

1930

 

 

Yes

 

 

Yellow-Orange

Same color as Maximum Yellow Red

85

67

Carmine

1935

1935

1949

Used as other Name

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; Same color as Carmine Red

86

68

Sepia

1935

1935

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

87

69

Turquoise Blue

1935

1935

 

 

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

88

48

Gamboge Yellow

1941

1903

1944

Used as Other Name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Maximum Yellow; used only on hex; color name dropped during WWII shortage even though yellow was still available

89

2

Azure Blue

1949

1903

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Color inherited from second Celestial Blue

90

74

Brilliant Rose

1949

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

91

66

Carmine Red

1949

1935

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Carmine

92

75

Cerulean Blue

1949

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

93

76

Dark Red

1949

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

94

17

Flesh

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Flesh Tint

95

77

Lavender

1949

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

96

78

Light Magenta

1949

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

97

50

Light Turquoise Blue

1949

1926

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Middle Blue

98

79

Mahogany

1949

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

99

66

Medium Blue

1949

1935

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Blue (second one)

100

60

Medium Orange

1949

1926

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Middle Yellow Red

101

80

Medium Red Violet

1949

1949

 

 

Yes

 

 

 

 

102

81

Medium Rose

1949

1949

 

 

Yes