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The Definitive History of the Colors of Crayola

Part 21 – Contest Winners and more Specialty Crayons

 

This is a multi-part series of articles written to tell the tale of the history of color names for Crayola. 

You can visit earlier parts here: Part 1 - In the Beginning there was..., Part 2 - The Original Color Line Up, Part 3 - Other Color Names, Part 4 - The Gold Medal Changeover, Part 5 - Dwindling Down, Part 6 - Changes in the Roaring 20s, Part 7 - Crayola Color Wheel, Part 8 - New Assortments Equals New Color Changes, Part 9 - Crayola's Biggest Assortment Secret, Part 10 - War Time Changes, Part 11 - Enter the No. 48, Part 12 - The 50s, Part 13 - The Revolutionary No. 64, Part 14 - The Consistent Years, Part 15 - Specialty Crayons, Part 16 - Fun Alternative Color Names, Part 17 - Heavy Metal, Part 18 - More So Big, Part 19 - Decade of Experimentation, Part 20 - Dawn of the Color Naming Contest

 

Last Two Stages for the Name the Color Contest

Crayola Big Box (Limited Edition) - 96 colors.jpg

By 1993 Crayola had wrapped up their color naming contest by announcing the winners and having a big gala celebration at Universal Studios in Hollywood, CA to celebrate.  The whole contest was a promotion designed to coincide with their 90th anniversary of the Crayola crayon.  They coordinated a special set of crayons designed to honor the contest winners.  These were placed in a special limited edition No. 96 big box that was only available for one year; from Nov 9, 1993 to Nov 8, 1994 after which time they would use their normal crayon wrappers with the new color names only.  But for this limited edition, they used interim wrappers that contained the winning contestant’s name and age along with the color name they won with.

 

Here’s the breakdown:

 

#1 tropical rain forest named by Walker Watson Age: 6

#2 robin’s egg blue named by Christopher Straub Age: 8

#3 cerise named by Connie Johnson Age: 32

1992 Color Contest Winner Names#4 tickle me pink named by Sam Marcus Age: 12

#5 macaroni and cheese named by Adrienne Watral Age: 6

#6 tumbleweed named by Julee Robinson Age: 33

#7 asparagus named by Sharon Kopriva Age: 45

#8 granny smith apple named by Ashley Rempe Age: 11

#9 purple mountain’s majesty named by Mildred Sampson Age: 89

#10 timber wolf named by Katherine Donohoue Age: 42

#11 denim named by Sherry Powell Age: 44

#12 shamrock named by Patricia A. Hoh Age: 11

#13 razzmatazz named by Laura Bartolomei-Hill Age: 5 ½

#14 wisteria named by Lisa Maclldoon Age: 17

#15 mauvelous named by Susan Rissover Age: 31

#16 pacific blue named by Dharam Kaur Khalso Age: 40

 

Nearly 2 million suggestions were received for the new colors.  These were the first colors to break many rules.  First, the 9O-year Crayola tradition of being named by company color experts was over.  Then, this was the first to bear the personal names and ages of the individuals who named them.  Also, the fact that for only the second time since india red had there been colors that didn’t capitalize a proper noun (this time in the case of pacific blue and granny smith apple).

 

The winning colors chosen represented a lot of things.  Colors such as timber wolf and tropical rain forest represented the country’s movement and awareness on endangered species and the environment while colors such as mauvelous were a fun play on comedian Billy Crystal’s well-known comedy bit of the time. 

 

Ever wonder what didn’t quite make it as a submitted color in that contest?  Well, Crayola gave out a bit of trivia to the press that was related to that.  Godzilla, Taylor, Brown, Gumby and the president had been rejected as names for Crayola crayons. Their rejection list contained five famous names at the top, and a spokesman prepared to explain why.  "Liz Taylor Eyes was too Hollywood," said Binney & Smith's Brad Drexler, referring to the blue shade of one of the new crayons. "Clinton gray, Hillary blue and Chelsea blue were considered too partisan."  Other famous names rejected by the crayon makers included Frank Sinatra, James Brown, Charlie Brown and Cleveland Brown.  Even famous animals had been rejected, including Red Rover, Old Yeller, Bambi beige, bunny nose pink, Hi ho Silver and Rudolph's nose.  There were many musical based colors submitted such as Pink Floyd, Simply Red, Deep Purple, Moody Blue and Crystal Blue Persuasion. Naturally many of these have copyright issues associated with them.  Although the bulk of the entries came from people ages 25 to 45, many kids had their submissions rejected too which included: ooze, slime, dog food, burnt toast and dog tongue pink.  There were many Southern submissions such as Mason-Dixon Lime, Confederate Gray and Miami ice.  Up North was Yankee Doodle Blue, Old Glory Blue and 4th of July Blue, followed by Desert Storm.  Environmentalists tried ozone, sludge green and toxic waste brown.  "Some entrants experienced, then submitted, Deja Blue," Drexler said. 

 

This didn’t give us any new color names per say…just a new variation on an upcoming color and so for the purposes of the list I’ve moved the “to be named” into the variations column and replaced them with these other temporary names which will also eventually move to that column when they get replaced in 1994.

 

Gemtones…the Sequel

 

Crayola Gem Tones - 16 colors.jpgThe other thing going on in 1993 was the re-introduction of Gemtones.  Gemtones were designed to target an older generation of kids and give them more sophisticated colors to choose from.

 

We hadn’t seen these since they discontinued the Canadian version.  They launched two different assortment sizes.  There was an 8 color size and a 16 color size.  In 1993, the box design used had a hanger tab with “Different Gemtone Colors” on the right and later in 1994 they changed the box to drop that and replace it with “Non-Toxic”.

 

Despite the minor changes in their new containers, the colors remained the same between them.  However, inside the containers, the colors they did choose for the USA boxes were different than what was offered in Canada earlier.  Perhaps they felt that some of the colors wouldn’t be relevant in the states or perhaps they just rethought their color set and made some changes.

 

The first thing they changed was the names of two of the colors. 

 

Gemtone variations.jpg

 

Gemtone contents comparison.jpgSmoky Topaz apparently “bought a vowel” and became Smokey Topaz.  Either version of the word is correct according to the major dictionaries that I consulted.  The Great Smoky Mountains doesn’t use the vowel but other examples do (such as the Smokey and the Bandit movie).

 

The other one they changed was Tiger Eye to Tiger’s Eye.  This one was also merely a preference.  The name refers to a specific chatoyant gemstone found mostly in South Africa and East Asia that uses either name.

 

Gemtone replacements.jpg

 

In addition to the name changes, there were also a couple of complete color swaps.  Aquamarine was replaced with Citrine.  Perhaps they felt that since they already had an Aquamarine color in their core line that this was an opportunity to offer up something different instead because Citrine isn’t even in the same color hue family as Aquamarine.

 

Turquoise was also replaced with Malachite.  This was probably for the same reason.  They already offered a Turquoise Blue and this provided an opportunity to introduce Malachite.

 

One I missed for the picture was that they replaced Zircon with Jade.  While I like the addition of Jade, it is too bad that Zircon is gone because how many opportunities are there for a crayon color that starts with the letter Z?

 

Whatever the actual reason, the new assortment brought us two completely new colors, two color variations and the return of a dozen other colors that had dropped off the active list when Canada discontinued their box.

 

 Glitter

 

1993 was also the year that Crayola introduced the Glitter specialty set.  Glitter colors were just that; sparkly flecks that glittered when colored with.  Glitters would eventually become one of the longest running specialty sets behind Fluorescents and Fabric.  Initially, Crayola only came out with a large size crayon in 8 and 16 color assortment boxes for this set.  Only the initial assortments that had the word “New” in the upper left corner and contained crayons with color names on them.  By 1994 when they dropped the “New” from the box they also reconsidered their choices and opted to remove the color names from the crayons.  Perhaps there was too much confusion over having both regular and specialty color formulations for the same color name (although technically, the Fabric colors are a specialty set using the same standard color names with a completely different color hue to them). 

 

The color names they did choose were an interesting selection.  The 8 color assortment contained:  black, orange, orchid, red, sky blue, violet, yellow, yellow green.  The 16 color assortment had black, blue, blue green, carnation pink, green, maroon, orange, orchid, periwinkle, red, red violet, sky blue, violet, white, yellow, yellow green

 

Crayola Glitter (New purple) - 16 colors.jpgLarge Glitter crayons.jpgThose colors make a good trivia question because never before have those particular colors been together in their own assortment.  To get all those in the regular colors you’d have to get a 64 color box.

 

Of course, these being a specialty set, all the colors are new true colors.  There are some interesting observations though.  Carnation Pink looks almost Peach color; hardly pink at all.  Orchid, on the other hand, looks like the color I would expect Carnation Pink to be.

 

I should also note that this marks the first time Violet has been used without the “purple” reference in parenthesis since 1972. Of course, that change was originally made to eliminate confusion with the younger children.  I guess since this set was being marketed toward the older children they must have felt they didn’t need to reference that violet also means purple.

 

Having looked at thousands of crayons in writing this; I also wanted to note that in every case the color Red Violet bled its color onto the wrapper.  That was true of the standard wrappers as well as these spacey looking wrappers.  That might perhaps end up as the rarest of all Crayola crayons:  a Red Violet that hasn’t bled through!

 

The Assortment Concept

 

The last thing to come out in 1993 was the Pizzazz Pak set.  This combined eight of the new Glitter colors with eight “Neon” colors.  This marks the first introduction to the Crayola Pizazz Pak - 16 colors.jpguse of Neon as a set.  Neon crayons were actually just some of the fluorescent colors that had been renamed back in 1990. 

 

The colors they chose to use from the glitter set were:  black, orange, orchid, red, sky blue, violet, yellow, yellow green; the same colors from the 8 color assortment.  The “neon” colors they chose were atomic tangerine, blizzard blue, laser lemon, outrageous orange, razzle dazzle rose, screamin’ green, shocking pink, wild watermelon

 

This set didn’t add anything to the color list, it was merely another interesting collection that happened to introduce a new assortment we’d see in subsequent years; the neon.  In fact, Crayola first began doing special assortment collection boxes with the Imagination Station three-box set in 1985.  That one was short lived but their Pastel line lasted several years and featured a couple of different color line ups.

 

For the purposes of our color history, at the end of 1993 we had the following changes:

 

#1 tropical rain forest named by Walker Watson Age: 6 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#2 robin’s egg blue named by Christopher Straub Age: 8 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#3 cerise named by Connie Johnson Age: 32 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#4 tickle me pink named by Sam Marcus Age: 12 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#5 macaroni and cheese named by Adrienne Watral Age: 6 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#6 tumbleweed named by Julee Robinson Age: 33 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#7 asparagus named by Sharon Kopriva Age: 45 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#8 granny smith apple named by Ashley Rempe Age: 11 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#9 purple mountain’s majesty named by Mildred Sampson Age: 89 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#10 timber wolf named by Katherine Donohoue Age: 42 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#11 denim named by Sherry Powell Age: 44 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#12 shamrock named by Patricia A. Hoh Age: 11 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#13 razzmatazz named by Laura Bartolomei-Hill Age: 5 ½ was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#14 wisteria named by Lisa Maclldoon Age: 17 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#15 mauvelous named by Susan Rissover Age: 31 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

#16 pacific blue named by Dharam Kaur Khalso Age: 40 was a new variation name used for a year on the “Name that Color” crayons.

Amethyst returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Black is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Blue is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Blue Green is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Carnation Pink is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Citrine is a new name and true color and is part of the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Emerald returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Green is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Jade is a new name and true color and is part of the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Jasper returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Lapis Lazuli returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Malachite is a new name and true color and is part of the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Maroon is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Moonstone returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #1 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #2 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #3 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #4 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #5 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #6 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #7 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #8 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #9 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #10 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #11 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #12 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #13 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #14 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #15 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Name coming soon! NEW COLOR #16 was renamed with the interim contest winner

Onyx returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Orange is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Orchid is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Peridot returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Periwinkle is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Pink Pearl returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Red is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Red Violet is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Rose Quartz returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Ruby returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Sapphire returns as a named and true color for the American version of the Gemtones specialty set

Sky Blue is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Smokey Topaz is a new named color but its true color comes from Smoky Topaz.

Tiger’s Eye is a new named color but its true color comes from Tiger Eye.

Violet is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

White is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Yellow is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

Yellow Green is an existing color name but this is a true color that is part of the Glitter specialty set

 

These changes increased our overall named color count from 268 to 273 and the true color count jumped from 211 to 230.  Active named colors went up from 145 to 161 and active true colors went from 127 to 159.

 

Let’s take a look at the color list at the end of 1993:

 

Named
Color #

True
Color #

 

Color Name

Year

Named

True Color

Year

End

Date


End Reason

All

UC

All

LC

Mix

UC/LC

Other Name Variations on Wrapper


Notes

1

1

Black

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Kitty Cat Black

1

125

Black

1903

1980

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

1

212

Black

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

2

2

Blue

1903

1903

1935

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

True color renamed to Celestial Blue

2

66

Blue

1903

1935

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

2

70

Blue

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Birdie Blue

2

213

Blue

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

2

117

Blue

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

3

3

Brown

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Van Dyke Brown, Bunny Brown

4

4

Burnt Sienna

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Bt. Sienna, Burnt-Sienna

 

4

118

Burnt Sienna

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

bt. sienna

Part of the Fabric specialty set

5

5

Burnt Umber

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

6

6

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Only found in No. 51 box

6

2

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1944

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Reused color name for orig. 1903 Blue color; only found in No. 52 box

7

7

Charcoal Gray

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Charc Gray

 

8

8

Chrome Green, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green DK, Ch. Green Dk.

Same color as Green, Dark, Dark Green, Pine Green

9

9

Chrome Green, Light

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

Chr Green L, CHR. GREEN L, Chr Green Lt.

Same color as Green, Light

10

10

Chrome Green, Medium

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green M

Same color as Green, Medium; Medium Green

11

11

Chrome Yellow, Light

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow

12

12

Chrome Yellow, Medium

1903

1903

1935

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr Yellow Med.

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow; Goldenrod

13

13

Cobalt Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Blue; only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon 1935-1943; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

13

126

Cobalt Blue

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

14

14

Copper

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Unavailable between 1915 and 1958

14

127

Copper

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set, same color as Copper Penny (Silver Swirls set)

15

15

Dark Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

 

Same color as Prussian Blue, Midnight Blue

16

8

Dark Green

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Green Dark, Pine Green

16

71

Dark Green

1903

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Forest Green, Grass Green 

17

16

English Vermillion

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Eng. Vermillion, Eng. Vermilion

 

18

17

Flesh Tint

1903

1903

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon starting 1935; Same color as Flesh, Pink Beige, Peach; Not available 1944 due to WWII

19

18

Gold

1903

1903

1953

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

1915-1943 only offered in Bulk; Not available 1944-1952 due to WWII

19

84

Gold

1903

1953

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

19

128

Gold

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

20

19

Gold Ochre

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Golden Ochre, Maize

21

19

Golden Ochre

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Gold Ochre, Maize

22

20

Green

1903

1903

1930

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

22

61

Green

1903

1930

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Leap Frog Green

22

119

Green

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

22

214

Green

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

23

8

Green, Dark

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Dark; Dark Green; Pine Green

24

9

Green, Light

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Light

25

10

Green, Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

Green, Med.,

Same color as Chrome Green, Medium; Medium Green

26

21

Indian Red

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Ind. Red

 

27

11

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow.  Only found in No. 51 box

27

38

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

1990

Officially Retired

Yes

Yes

 

 

Color name reused starting 1958, Same color as second Light Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow

28

14

Light Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Cobalt Blue.   Made exclusively for E.C. Charlton Stores

28

85

Light Blue

1903

1958

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

 

 

Only available for a small part of 1958

28

120

Light Blue

1903

1976

1980

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

29

11

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

Yellow Lt.; Lt. Yellow

Same color as Lemon Yellow, second Yellow, Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII;

29

38

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Yellow (true color 38) that it inherited in 1949, second Lemon Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow

30

22

Madder Lake

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

31

23

Magenta

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Permanent Magenta; Not available 1944 due to WWII

32

10

Medium Green

1903

1903

1939

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Med. Green

Same color as Green, Medium; Chrome Green, Medium; 1935-1939 only avail in long crayon size in No. 99

33

12

Medium Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Med. Yellow

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Chrome Yellow, Medium, Goldenrod, Golden Rod; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

34

24

Olive Green

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

35

25

Orange

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Jack “O” Lantern Orange

35

121

Orange

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

35

215

Orange

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

36

26

Permanent Geranium Lake

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

37

23

Permanent Magenta

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Magenta

38

27

Pink

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Name not used from 1917-1990 then used from Mexico; same color as Rose Pink, Flamingo Pink, Carnation Pink

49

15

Prussian Blue

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

Yes

Prus. Blue

Same color as Dark Blue, Midnight Blue

40

28

Purple

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Name not used from 1914-1990 then used from Mexico; Same color as Violet

41

29

Raw Sienna

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

41

86

Raw Sienna

1903

1958

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Name revived 48 years after discontinuing it but with a new true color

42

30

Raw Umber

1903

1903

1990

Officially Retired

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

43

31

Red

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Candy Apple Red

43

122

Red

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

43

216

Red

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

44

27

Rose Pink

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Pink, Carnation Pink, Flamingo Pink

45

32

Silver

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

1915-1943 offered only as bulk; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

45

129

Silver

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

46

33

Ultramarine Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

ULT. BLUE; Ult. Blue

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; not available 1949-1957

47

3

Van Dyke Brown

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Brown.  Only found in No. 51 box

48

34

Venetian Red

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Ven. Red

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon from 1935-1937 Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

49

35

Venetian Red, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

50

36

Venetian Red, Light

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

51

28

Violet

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Violet (Purple) 

Same color as Purple, Bunch of Grapes Purple; 1949-1957 used another true color but reverted back in 1958

51

72

Violet

1903

1949

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Name only used in Mexico with the same color as Blue Violet.  This was used as Violet in the USA from 1949 to 1958 before Violet revered back to its original true color.

51

123

Violet

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

51

217

Violet

1958

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

52

37

White

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

52

218

White

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

53

38

Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow (second one)

53

48

Yellow

1903

1926

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Maximum Yellow, Sunshine Yellow

53

124

Yellow

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

53

219

Yellow

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

54

12

Yellow Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow

55

9

Light Green

1910

1910

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

Lt. Green

Same color as Chrome Green, Light; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

55

73

Light Green

1910

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Sea Green

56

39

Maximum Black

1926

1926

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935

57

40

Maximum Blue

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

58

41

Maximum Blue Green

1926

1926

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Maximum Blue-Green

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Same color as Blue Green; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

59

42

Maximum Green

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

60

43

Maximum Green Yellow

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Maximum Green-Yellow

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

61

44

Maximum Purple

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

62

45

Maximum Purple Blue

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Maximum Purple-Blue

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

63

46

Maximum Red