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The Definitive History of the Colors of Crayola

Part 28 – More Specialty Changes for 1997

 

This is a multi-part series of articles written to tell the tale of the history of color names for Crayola. 

You can visit earlier parts here: Part 1 - In the Beginning there was..., Part 2 - The Original Color Line Up, Part 3 - Other Color Names, Part 4 - The Gold Medal Changeover, Part 5 - Dwindling Down, Part 6 - Changes in the Roaring 20s, Part 7 - Crayola Color Wheel, Part 8 - New Assortments Equals New Color Changes, Part 9 - Crayola's Biggest Assortment Secret, Part 10 - War Time Changes, Part 11 - Enter the No. 48, Part 12 - The 50s, Part 13 - The Revolutionary No. 64, Part 14 - The Consistent Years, Part 15 - Specialty Crayons, Part 16 - Fun Alternative Color Names, Part 17 - Heavy Metal, Part 18 - More So Big, Part 19 - Decade of Experimentation, Part 20 - Dawn of the Color Naming Contest, Part 21 - Contest Winners and more Specialty Crayons. Part 22 - Magic and Mystery, Part 23 - One Hundred Billion, Part 24 - Entertainment Revolution, Part 25 - True Blue Heroes, Part 26 - The Discovery Series, Part 27 - Smells like a Second Try

 

1997 was such a monumental year for changes that I broke up the year into several parts and at the end of those parts combined all of the changes on the revised color list.  This is the fifth and final part of 1997’s history.

 

Glittery Changes

 

1997 marked the year that Crayola made another set of changes to their Glitter specialty set.  The Glitter set debuted in 1993 with color names on them but were quickly replaced without the color names.  At the time, they reused the same color names as many of their core colors.  Those crayons were only available in the large SL2 size though.  This time around, Crayola reissued their Glitter set with standard S3 size crayons and added brand new color names to all of them.  They debuted in newly designed containers as well.  Initially, the new containers had an actually glittery embossed product name on the boxes that was later scaled back to the normal printing process. 

 

Crayola Glitter (silver glitter) - 16 colors  Crayola Glitter - 8 colors   

 

The eight color version contained:  black with glitzy gold glitter, green with twinkling turquoise glitter, orange with twinkling turquoise glitter, royal purple with ruby red glitter, sky blue with glitzy gold glitter, white with glitzy gold glitter, yellow with rainbow glitter

Glitter crayons 1997

The sixteen color version contained:  black with glitzy gold glitter, blue green with glitzy gold glitter, blue with shimmering silver glitter, carnation pink with lavender glitter, green with twinkling turquoise glitter, maroon with glitzy gold glitter, orange with twinkling turquoise glitter, orchid with twinkling turquoise glitter, red violet with glitzy gold glitter, red with shimmering silver glitter, royal purple with ruby red glitter, sky blue with glitzy gold glitter, white with confetti glitter, white with glitzy gold glitter, yellow green with silver glitter, yellow with rainbow glitter

 

Each color not only came in the standard size crayon but also the standard wrapper of the day.  Prior to this, Crayola created special Glitter wrappers but for this go around they stuck with the main core wrappers; at this time they were Type 8b designs being used.

 

And though this did create 16 new color names for the list, were there any new true colors here or did they rename the previous 16 Glitter colors?

 

Glitter Color Comparison.jpg

 

Actually, there were both.  They mostly did a rename of the original Glitter colors by keeping the core color and giving them descriptive names based on the glitter added.  For example, Orchid became Orchid with Twinkling Turquoise Glitter.  There were some differences though.  Royal Purple replaced Violet as the core color.  So that true color is new.  Also, they dropped Periwinkle to add another White color.  The White with Confetti Glitter is new to the set.  All the others were pretty much identical to the older ones.  I had some trouble getting enough color pigment on the Carnation Pink scan but they’re the same.

 

Pearl Brite

 

Another major launch occurred in 1997:  Pearl Brite crayons made their debut that year as a new specialty set.  These were designed to shine with softer colors as one would imagine a pearl would shine.

 

They came out with two assortment sizes for their new specialty set.  In what was becoming a common pattern, they introduced both an eight color assortment and a sixteen color assortment.

 

Pearl Brite crayons 1997Crayola Pearl Brite (New w clam) - 16 colors   Crayola Pearl Brite (New) - 8 colors

 

The eight color box contained:  aqua pearl, black coral pearl, caribbean green pearl, cultured pearl, mandarin pearl, midnight pearl, rose pearl, sunny pearl

 

The sixteen color box contained:  aqua pearl, black coral pearl, caribbean green pearl, cultured pearl, key lime pearl, mandarin pearl, midnight pearl, mystic pearl, ocean blue pearl, ocean green pearl, orchid pearl, rose pearl, salmon pearl, sunny pearl, sunset pearl, turquoise pearl

 

Pearl Brite crayons came in a newly designed wrapper using black with a white Crayola oval logo and white text.  One of the first things that occurred to me is whether these were simply re-used Silver Swirl colors.  But in a comparison, clearly they are not.  The Silver Swirls were just that; much more silver based than these colors and so, we gained 16 new true colors along with new color names with this specialty set

 

All Mixed Up

 

Another specialty set to come on the market in 1997 was the Mix-Up set.  This was a set designed to create three different colors from each crayon.  These crayons took advantage of the relatively new process of putting micro bubbles into the crayon molds.  This was first utilized with the Magic Scent set and each bubble contained specific smells that burst when colored on.  In this case, the bubbles were much larger and contained an entirely different color.

 

As with other specialty sets launched, this one also featured both an eight and sixteen color assortments.

 

  Crayola Color Mix Up - 8 colors.jpg  Crayola Color Mix-Up (New) - 16 colors.jpg  Crayola Colour Mix-Up (New) - 8 colors.jpg (there should be a Canadian 16 box…I just don’t have a photo)

 

 

Color Mix Up crayons 1997.jpgThe eight color assortment contained:  baby's blanket, blazing bonfire, cool and crazy, lemon lime zing, off-road, star spangled banner, surf's up, warm and fuzzy

 

The sixteen color assortment contained:  baby's blanket, blazing bonfire, cool and crazy, lemon lime zing, magenta mix-up, mixed veggies, off-road, peaches 'n cream, rainforest, shrimp cocktail, southwest, star spangled banner, stonewashed, surf's up, twister, warm and fuzzy

 

As for adding these to the color history; yes, we could argue that there is more than one true color for each of these crayons but to simplify; we’ll just say that they are their own true colors and leave it at that.  Each of the special wrappers for the crayons does identify what colors were used.  The breakdown is:

 

baby's blanket – pink, blue, green

blazing bonfire – yellow, orange, red

cool and crazy – white, royal purple, blue green

lemon lime zing – yellow, green, blue

magenta mix-up – lavender, blue, maroon

mixed veggies – yellow, green, brown

off-road – tumbleweed, denim, maroon

peaches 'n cream – white, peach, yellow

rainforest – forest green, dark blue, royal purple

shrimp cocktail – white, orange, maroon

southwest – white, orange, dark blue

star spangled banner – red, white, blue

stonewashedskyblue, denim, maroon

surf's up – white, pacific blue, yellow

twister – white, green, orange

warm and fuzzy – pink, orange, blue

 

One interesting note is that dark blue mentioned as part of both Rainforest and Southwest is the first time that color has been mentioned since 1917 when it was changed to Prussian Blue and then later to Midnight Blue.  Regardless of the obscure color reference, this new specialty set gave us another 16 color names and true colors for our list.

 

Special Brightest

 

Finally, the last set to come out for 1997 wasn’t a specialty set at all.  The Special Brightest was another of Crayola’s repackaging of existing colors that one would normally have to purchase a large assortment to obtain the colors inside of it.  Like all of these repackage assortment themes, this one wouldn’t have had any impact to the color list except for the fact that they added four new colors to their color line with the addition of this assortment box.

 

Crayola Special Brightest - 24 colors.jpg    Special Brightest new colors 1997.jpg

 

The idea was to simply package together the brightest colors in the Crayola line and then add four new colors to that.  They advertised that these colors were only offered in this unique collection.  While that was true in the USA for their regular line of colors during 1997, one of the colors, Pink Flamingo, was used that year though in Canada as one of their Hero colors although it never used the Pink Flamingo name after the contest.  Several years later they added these colors to several of their larger assortments using regular wrappers.

 

The larger 24 color assortment (there was a smaller 8 color box too) contained:  atomic tangerine, cerulean, dandelion, denim, electric lime, fuchsia, mulberry, outrageous orange, pacific blue, razzmatazz, royal purple, screamin' green, shamrock, shocking pink, sunglow, teal blue, tropical rain forest, unmellow yellow, wild watermelon, yellow orange   and the four new colors with special wrappers:  caribbean green, pink flamingo, sunset orange, vivid violet

 

Apparently Violet (purple) needs to be identified as purple on the regular color but Vivid Violet doesn’t.

 

Kid’s First

Crayola Kids First washable (bright) - 8 colors

One of the more subtle additions in 1997 was the Kid’s First line.  This looked like a replacement for the So Big line.  The crayons were the same size, the box was different and the wrappers were different but some of the colors were the same as the So Big colors.  However, they weren’t all the same!  Also, they didn’t stop making the So Big line until 2004 so this certainly couldn’t have been a replacement.

 

As to color changes, this box offered up:  Birdie Blue, Bunny Brown, Candy Apple Red, Grape Juice Purple, Kitty Cat Black, Leap Frog Green, Pumpkin Orange, School Bus Yellow

 

There were three new color names here.  They chose Grape Juice Purple instead of using Bunch of Grapes Purple.  Pumpkin Orange replaced Jack O’ Lantern Orange.  After tweaking the “O” in that color name, perhaps they just simplified the whole thing and went with the pumpkin reference instead.  Finally, they chose to replace Sunshine Yellow with School Bus Yellow.

 

What this did was add three new named colors to the overall and active lists.  The true colors were the usual suspects of Violet (Purple), Orange and Yellow.

 

Kids First Washable Colors

 

More Mysteries

 

Crayola (wild window) - 120 colorsPoor Macaroni and Cheese color; it seemed destined for confusion since it was named back in 1993.  First off Europe chose to use the Macaroni & Cheese variation up until 1997 before switching to the regular color name.  Then we found that Macaroni-n-Cheese appeared in Crayola’s mega-sized 120 color assortment.  This container was unique; there had never been one like it and never would be one again (at least up to this writing).  To make matters even more confusing, another even rarer variation of this color showed up too.  Macaroni n Cheese was a variation that didn’t have any of the hyphens.  Was it a typo in a production run of the wrappers that they quickly replaced?  At the time of this writing, it is unclear exactly which assortments this came from but we have loose crayon examples and there are enough to discount them as a one-off mistake.  Given the rarity and wrapper version it would be safe to assume these only ran in 1997 and were quickly substituted with the normal color name.

 

New 1997 Macaroni and Cheese variations

Macaroni and Cheese (CE Version).jpg

 

Oh, and speaking of confusion, Crayola pulled another trick when they changed one of the contest named colors from Timber Wolf to Timberwolf.  You really have to watch the colors because this one happened without fanfare between the time they moved from their Type-8a wrappers to their Type-8b wrappers.  I can only imagine the committee meeting to discuss that one.  As such, it’s just a variation name replacement and not a legitimate new color name which I have duly noted in the chronology list.

 

Timberwolf comparison.jpg

 

Oh, and screamin green shows up instead of screamin’ green.  Apparently the apostrophe was just too confusing and was dropped in the Crayola Neons box first but also shows up in years to some.  I’ve only considered that a minor variation though.

 

More International Differences

 

European Color Variations circa late 1990sThe last time we saw changes with colors in Europe it was with Macaroni and Cheese when they either arbitrarily or purposefully chose to use the & instead of the “and”.  With the introduction of their new “CE” wrapper designs, they converted that color name to the normal “and” but they also made a few changes to their color line up on larger assortments.  We saw the renaming of ultra yellow FLUORESCENT to Tangerine.  Europe had resisted the initial renaming of many of the fluorescent colors and for awhile even some of the newer fluorescent colors had different names in Europe (such as Fiery Orange instead of Neon Carrot).  And as before; the color name they chose happened to be a brand new color name never used.  Of the three other changes found this year, one of them was an old familiar name variation that was a mystery from 1959 to 1972.  Golden Rod suddenly showed up; a variation of the one word Goldenrod used in the USA.  If you will recall, that was the color name variation that appeared in the No 72 assortment but nowhere else.  Lemon Yellow also appeared in the European color line up; a color name that was retired in the USA back in 1990.  The color name goes clear back to 1903 but there had been two true colors used.  One ultimately became what Yellow uses today and the other was changed back in 1949.  Apparently Europe revived the retired color; a good indication that Crayola wasn’t entirely a global company at this time.  It wouldn’t be until the closing of the Bedford Factory in 2004 that color names would standardize significantly.  Meanwhile, we also had another usage of the Violet color name without the “(purple)”; a variation that had been around and used at one time or another since 1903.

 

One Goodbye

 

The only sour note of 1997 was the disappearance of Changeables from the marketplace.  They made a short but valiant run and losing them removed 7 colors from the list.

 

So, for the color history, here were the changes that these assortments and specialty sets made:

 

Caribbean Green was a new color name and true color

Pink Flamingo was a new color name and true color

Sunset Orange was a new color name and true color

Vivid Violet was a new color name and true color

 

Black with glitzy gold glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Black <Glitter>

Blue green with glitzy gold glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Blue Green <Glitter>

Blue with shimmering silver glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Blue <Glitter>

Carnation pink with lavender glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Carnation Pink <Glitter>

Green with twinkling turquoise glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Green <Glitter>

Maroon with glitzy gold glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Maroon <Glitter>

Orange with twinkling turquoise glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Orange <Glitter>

Orchid with twinkling turquoise glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Orchid <Glitter>

Red violet with glitzy gold glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Red Violet <Glitter>

Red with shimmering silver glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Red <Glitter>

Royal purple with ruby red glitter was a new color name and true color

Sky blue with glitzy gold glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Sky Blue <Glitter>

White with confetti glitter was a new color name and true color

White with glitzy gold glitter was a new color name but its true color came from White <Glitter>

Yellow green with silver glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Yellow Green <Glitter>

Yellow with rainbow glitter was a new color name but its true color came from Yellow <Glitter>

 

Aqua pearl was a new color name and true color

Black coral pearl was a new color name and true color

Caribbean green pearl was a new color name and true color

Cultured pearl was a new color name and true color

Key lime pearl was a new color name and true color

Mandarin pearl was a new color name and true color

Midnight pearl was a new color name and true color

Mystic pearl was a new color name and true color

Ocean blue pearl was a new color name and true color

Ocean green pearl was a new color name and true color

Orchid pearl was a new color name and true color

Rose pearl was a new color name and true color

Salmon pearl was a new color name and true color

Sunny pearl was a new color name and true color

Sunset pearl was a new color name and true color

Turquoise pearl was a new color name and true color

 

baby's blanket – pink, blue, green was a new color name and true color

blazing bonfire – yellow, orange, red was a new color name and true color

cool and crazy – white, royal purple, blue green was a new color name and true color

lemon lime zing – yellow, green, blue was a new color name and true color

magenta mix-up – lavender, blue, maroon was a new color name and true color

mixed veggies – yellow, green, brown was a new color name and true color

off-road – tumbleweed, denim, maroon was a new color name and true color

peaches 'n cream – white, peach, yellow was a new color name and true color

rainforest – forest green, dark blue, royal purple was a new color name and true color

shrimp cocktail – white, orange, maroon was a new color name and true color

southwest – white, orange, dark blue was a new color name and true color

star spangled banner – red, white, blue was a new color name and true color

stonewashedskyblue, denim, maroon was a new color name and true color

surf's up – white, pacific blue, yellow was a new color name and true color

twister – white, green, orange was a new color name and true color

warm and fuzzy – pink, orange, blue was a new color name and true color

 

blue to magenta was discontinued

green to violet was discontinued

orange to black was discontinued

pink to yellow was discontinued

red to blue was discontinued

yellow to green was discontinued

color changer (colour changer) was discontinued

 

grape juice purple was a new color name but its true color came from Violet (purple)

pumpkin yellow was a new color name but its true color came from Orange

school bus yellow was a new color name but its true color came from Yellow

 

Golden Rod wasn’t a new color name or true color but it hadn’t been an active color name since 1976; used in Europe only

Lemon Yellow wasn’t a new color name or true color but it hadn’t been an active color name or true color since 1990; used in Europe only

Macaroni-n-Cheese was a new color name variation for the true color Macaroni and Cheese

Macaroni n Cheese was a new color name variation for the true color Macaroni and Cheese

Macaroni & Cheese was discontinued as color name variation for the true color Macaroni and Cheese

Tangerine was a new color name used only in Europe but its true color name came from Atomic Tangerine

Violet wasn’t a new color name or true color but it hadn’t been used as a color name variation in many years

 

Summing up 1997

 

We had an incredible amount of changes for one year.  These changes increased our overall named color count from 311 to 470 and the true color count went up from 242 to 288.  Active named colors increased from 107 to 262 and active true colors increased from 114 to 154.  All records for a single year.

 

Let’s take a look at the color list at the end of 1997:

 

Named
Color #

True
Color #

 

Color Name

Year

Named

True Color

Year

End

Date


End Reason

All

UC

All

LC

Mix

UC/LC

Other Name Variations on Wrapper


Notes

1

1

Black

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Kitty Cat Black, Leather Jacket, Licorice, Black Hole, Muscle Shell Black (Black), New Sneakers, Starry Night, Storm Cloud Black

1

125

Black

1903

1980

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

1

212

Black

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set, same color as Black with glitzy gold glitter

2

2

Blue

1903

1903

1935

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

True color renamed to Celestial Blue

2

66

Blue

1903

1935

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

2

70

Blue

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Birdie Blue, Blueberry, New Car, Blustery Blue, Deep Sea, Galaxy Blue, Hetty the Duck Blue, Mole Blue, Overalls Blue

2

213

Blue

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Blue with shimmering silver glitter

2

117

Blue

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

3

3

Brown

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Van Dyke Brown, Bunny Brown, Chocolate, Mouse Brown, Asteroid Brown, Ocean Floor (Brown), Pet Shop, Whoo Brown

4

4

Burnt Sienna

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Bt. Sienna, Burnt-Sienna

Same color as Baseball Mitt

4

118

Burnt Sienna

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

bt. sienna

Part of the Fabric specialty set

5

5

Burnt Umber

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

6

6

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Only found in No. 51 box

6

2

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1944

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Reused color name for orig. 1903 Blue color; only found in No. 52 box

7

7

Charcoal Gray

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Charc Gray

 

8

8

Chrome Green, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green DK, Ch. Green Dk.

Same color as Green, Dark, Dark Green, Pine Green

9

9

Chrome Green, Light

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

Chr Green L, CHR. GREEN L, Chr Green Lt.

Same color as Green, Light

10

10

Chrome Green, Medium

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green M

Same color as Green, Medium; Medium Green

11

11

Chrome Yellow, Light

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow

12

12

Chrome Yellow, Medium

1903

1903

1935

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr Yellow Med.

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow; Goldenrod

13

13

Cobalt Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Blue; only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon 1935-1943; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

13

126

Cobalt Blue

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

14

14

Copper

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Unavailable between 1915 and 1958

14

127

Copper

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set, same color as Copper Penny (Silver Swirls set)

15

15

Dark Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

 

Same color as Prussian Blue, Midnight Blue

16

8

Dark Green

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Green Dark, Pine Green

16

71

Dark Green

1903

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Forest Green, Grass Green 

17

16

English Vermillion

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Eng. Vermillion, Eng. Vermilion

 

18

17

Flesh Tint

1903

1903

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon starting 1935; Same color as Flesh, Pink Beige, Peach; Not available 1944 due to WWII

19

18

Gold

1903

1903

1953

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

1915-1943 only offered in Bulk; Not available 1944-1952 due to WWII

19

84

Gold

1903

1953

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Galatic Gold. Sunken Treasure

19

128

Gold

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

20

19

Gold Ochre

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Golden Ochre, Maize

21

19

Golden Ochre

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Gold Ochre, Maize

22

20

Green

1903

1903

1930

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

22

61

Green

1903

1930

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Leap Frog Green, Bullfrog Green, Graphic Green, Martian Green (Green), Mole’s Green Boots, Sea Sperpent Green (Green)

22

119

Green

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

22

214

Green

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Green with twinkling turquoise glitter

23

8

Green, Dark

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Dark; Dark Green; Pine Green

24

9

Green, Light

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Light

25

10

Green, Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

Green, Med.,

Same color as Chrome Green, Medium; Medium Green

26

21

Indian Red

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Ind. Red

 

27

11

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow.  Only found in No. 51 box

27

38

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Color name reused starting 1958, Same color as second Light Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow.  Color was retired in 1990 but reused in Europe starting in 1997.

28

14

Light Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Cobalt Blue.   Made exclusively for E.C. Charlton Stores

28

85

Light Blue

1903

1958

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

 

 

Only available for a small part of 1958

28

120

Light Blue

1903

1976

1980

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

29

11

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

Yellow Lt.; Lt. Yellow

Same color as Lemon Yellow, second Yellow, Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII;

29

38

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Yellow (true color 38) that it inherited in 1949, second Lemon Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow

30

22

Madder Lake

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

31

23

Magenta

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Permanent Magenta; Not available 1944 due to WWII

32

10

Medium Green

1903

1903

1939

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Med. Green

Same color as Green, Medium; Chrome Green, Medium; 1935-1939 only avail in long crayon size in No. 99

33

12

Medium Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Med. Yellow

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Chrome Yellow, Medium, Goldenrod, Golden Rod; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

34

24

Olive Green

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

35

25

Orange

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Jack “O” Lantern Orange, Tulip, Cyberspace Orange, Grandma’s Perfume, Huggable Bear Orange, Jupiter Orange, Shrimp (Orange), Solar Flare (Orange)

35

121

Orange

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

35

215

Orange

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Orange with twinkling turquoise glitter

36

26

Permanent Geranium Lake

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

37

23

Permanent Magenta

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Magenta

38

27

Pink

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Name not used from 1917-1990 then used from Mexico; same color as Rose Pink, Flamingo Pink, Carnation Pink, Shampoo

49

15

Prussian Blue

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

Yes

Prus. Blue

Same color as Dark Blue, Midnight Blue

40

28

Purple

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Name not used from 1914-1990 then used from Mexico; Same color as Violet

41

29

Raw Sienna

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

41

86

Raw Sienna

1903

1958

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Name revived 48 years after discontinuing it but with a new true color

42

30

Raw Umber

1903

1903

1990

Officially Retired

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

43

31

Red

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Candy Apple Red, Rose, Lobster Red (Red, Mercury Red (Red), Red Balloon, Smell the Roses

43

122

Red

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

43

216

Red

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Red with shimmering silver glitter

44

27

Rose Pink

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Pink, Carnation Pink, Flamingo Pink, Shampoo

45

32

Silver

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

1915-1943 offered only as bulk; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; same color as Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

45

129

Silver

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

46

33

Ultramarine Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

ULT. BLUE; Ult. Blue

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; not available 1949-1957

47

3

Van Dyke Brown

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Brown.  Only found in No. 51 box

48

34

Venetian Red

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Ven. Red

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon from 1935-1937 Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

49

35

Venetian Red, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

50

36

Venetian Red, Light

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

51

28

Violet

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Violet (Purple) 

Same color as Purple, Bunch of Grapes Purple; 1949-1957 used another true color but reverted back in 1958, same color as Grape, Jellyfish Purple (Violet), Pouncy Purple, Venus Violet (purple), www.purple

51

72

Violet

1903

1949

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Name only used in Mexico with the same color as Blue Violet.  This was used as Violet in the USA from 1949 to 1958 before Violet revered back to its original true color.

51

123

Violet

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

51

217

Violet

1958

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

52

37

White

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Baby Powder, Coconut, Baby’s Powder, Space Shuttle White

52

218

White

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as White with glitzy gold glitter

53

38

Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow (second one)

53

48

Yellow

1903

1926

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Maximum Yellow, Sunshine Yellow, Daffodil, Lemon, Starlight Yellow (Yellow), Sunfish Yellow (Yellow), Sunny Day, Sunshiny Yellow, World Wide Web Yellow

53

124

Yellow

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

53

219

Yellow

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Yellow with rainbow glitter

54

12

Yellow Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow

55

9

Light Green

1910

1910

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

Lt. Green

Same color as Chrome Green, Light; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

55

73

Light Green

1910

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes