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The Definitive History of the Colors of Crayola

Part 29 – True Blues get their Color Names

 

This is a multi-part series of articles written to tell the tale of the history of color names for Crayola. 

You can visit earlier parts here: Part 1 - In the Beginning there was..., Part 2 - The Original Color Line Up, Part 3 - Other Color Names, Part 4 - The Gold Medal Changeover, Part 5 - Dwindling Down, Part 6 - Changes in the Roaring 20s, Part 7 - Crayola Color Wheel, Part 8 - New Assortments Equals New Color Changes, Part 9 - Crayola's Biggest Assortment Secret, Part 10 - War Time Changes, Part 11 - Enter the No. 48, Part 12 - The 50s, Part 13 - The Revolutionary No. 64, Part 14 - The Consistent Years, Part 15 - Specialty Crayons, Part 16 - Fun Alternative Color Names, Part 17 - Heavy Metal, Part 18 - More So Big, Part 19 - Decade of Experimentation, Part 20 - Dawn of the Color Naming Contest, Part 21 - Contest Winners and more Specialty Crayons. Part 22 - Magic and Mystery, Part 23 - One Hundred Billion, Part 24 - Entertainment Revolution, Part 25 - True Blue Heroes, Part 26 - The Discovery Series, Part 27 - Smells like a Second Try, Part 28 - More Specialty Changes for 1997

 

New Colors

 

By 1998, several of Crayola’s earlier specialty sets were off the market and the Hero contests were all over meaning that it was time to put actual color names on all of their new colors.

 

They came out with the colors in several different boxes.  There was a Wizard’s Giant box featuring 120 colors that had a copyright of 1997 on the box but didn’t appear until early 1998.  They also came out with “The Ultimate”, an assortment that feature 200 colors; their biggest ever.  Unbeknownst to anyone (even Crayola), this collection surpassed the previous largest collection that came out 80 years earlier from Franklin Crayon Mfg.; a 175 crayon assortment that is known only through advertising now as no examples are known or have surfaced to date.

True Blue named colors 1998.jpg

Here’s how the colors were assigned:

 

True Blue No. 1 – Outer Space

True Blue No. 2 – Mountain Meadow

True Blue No. 3 – Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown

True Blue No. 4 – Brink Pink

True Blue No. 5 – Shadow

True Blue No. 6 – Banana Mania

True Blue No. 7 – Torch Red

True Blue No. 8 – Purple Heart

 

Of course, as it turns out, these weren’t exactly the same colors used in the Canadian “Who’s your hero” contest.  For whatever reason, they used Pink Flamingo as their No. 2 color instead of Mountain Meadow. 

 

Given that the contest colors were merely temporary color names, like the ones earlier in the timeline, these names simply replace the names on the temporary color names from the contest; they didn’t constitute new color names.

 

Though all of these colors are more difficult to get because they only were put into the largest of assortments and even the No. 64 and No. 96 weren’t large enough to include them, one color in particular stands out as among one of the rarest color names.  Torch Red could only be found for a short period of time and only in two containers:  The Giant Chest of Crayons with a 1997 copyright date and The Ultimate with a 1998 copyright date (both pictured below).  By mid 1998 they changed the color to Scarlet.  The wrapper was a lighter orange color too.

New colors 1998.jpg

Torch Red to Scarlet 1998.jpg

 

Other New Colors

 

The True Blue contest colors weren’t the only new colors Crayola introduced in 1998 though.  They also added another 12 new color names and true colors to their ever growing line up:  Almond, Antique Brass, Beaver, Blue Bell, Canary, Cotton Candy, Cranberry, Desert Sand, Eggplant, Fern, Manatee, Pig Pink

 

Like the True Blue colors, these colors were only featured in the same large assortments.

 

      Crayola Giant Chest - 120 colors.jpgCrayola The Ultimate - 200 colors.jpg

 

The only exception was that you could find them in the Wizard’s Giant Box of Crayons.  This didn’t have Torch Red though.  That had already been swapped out for Scarlet.

 

Crayola Wizard's Giant Box - 120 colors.jpg

 

Scarlet Pimpernel

 

A benefit was held on January 27, 1998 at the Roseland Ballroom on West 52nd St. in New York City.  The benefit was called the Kids Fan Festival and it was designed to allow Broadway stars and children to meet each other and interact.  One of the plays that night was the Scarlet Pimpernel and as a feature attraction for the play, they had Crayola create four special colors associated with the play.  Like the VHS movies from 1997, these colors were simply put into a generic four color box (dated 1992) and handed out at the booth during the festival.

 

Scarlet Pimpernel Crayola crayons.jpg

 

The special color names were:  Magaruite cerulean, Pimpernel peach, Chevaulin chartreuse, scarlet red

 

In making these new color names, Crayola didn’t adhere to their new standard of all lower case names.  But they also weren’t consistent in their case usage either.  The second color names on all the colors were not capitalized.  Also, scarlet red wasn’t capitalized at all.

 

Magaruite cerulean came from Cerulean.  Pimpernel peach came from Peach.  Chevaulin chartreuse came from Laser Lemon and scarlet red came from Red and not Torch Red even though Torch Red was renamed Scarlet during the same year.  It’s quite a coincidence that Scarlet came up as a color name twice during 1998 but both having different true colors.

Construction Paper crayons.jpg

Construction Paper

 

One of the specialty crayon lines introduced in 1998 was the Crayola Construction Crayons.  These didn’t have a color impact because they chose not to put color names on any of the wrappers or box.  The specialty line remained one of the longest running specialty lines they ever put out.

 

A Few Goodbyes Too

 

The reality was that while Crayola continued to experiment with exciting new specialty sets and concepts, many of these weren’t successful enough to keep on the market for a long time and so they pulled them and moved on to the next concept.  In 1998 the following earlier sets disappeared:

 

The Discovery sets were off the market; they were a very short run having only debuted in 1997 and run through part of 1998.

 

Oh, and not impacting the color history directly, but the wrappers for the four new colors from the Special Brightest box from 1997 got rid of their “New” wrappers and got normal wrappers (caribbean green, pink flamingo, sunset orange, vivid violet)

 

Special Brightest Colors with regular wrappers 1998.jpg

 

For the color history, here were the changes that these assortments and specialty sets made:

 

After-Burner Orange was discontinued as a color name

Almond was a new color name and true color

Antique Brass was a new color name and true color

Aquamarine was discontinued as part of the Discovery set but it’s color name and true color was still part of the core color Aquamarine

Asteroid Brown (brown) was discontinued as a color name

Banana Mania was a new color name for one of the True Blue Hero contest colors

Beaver was a new color name and true color

Black Hole (black) was discontinued as a color name

Blast-off was discontinued as a color name

Blue Bell was a new color name and true color

Brink Pink was a new color name for one of the True Blue Hero contest colors

Canary was a new color name and true color

Caribbean Sea was discontinued as a color name

Chevaulin chartreuse was a new color name but its true color came from Laser Lemon

Comet Tail was discontinued as a color name

Coral purple was discontinued as a color name

Cotton Candy was a new color name and true color

Cranberry was a new color name and true color

Cultured Pearl was discontinued as part of the Discovery set but it’s color name and true color was still part of the Pearl Brite specialty set

Deep Sea (blue) was discontinued as a color name

Desert Sand was a new color name and true color

Dolphin Fin was discontinued as a color name

Eggplant was a new color name and true color

Fern was a new color name and true color

Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown was a new color name for one of the True Blue Hero contest colors

Galactic Gold was discontinued as a color name

Galaxy Blue was discontinued as a color name

Jellyfish Purple (violet) was discontinued as a color name

Jupiter Orange was discontinued as a color name

Lift-off Lime was discontinued as a color name

Lobster Red (red) was discontinued as a color name

Magaruite Cerulean was a new color name but its true color came from Cerulean

Manatee was a new color name and true color

Martian Green (green) was discontinued as a color name

Mercury Red (red) was discontinued as a color name

Milky Way was discontinued as a color name

Moon Rock was discontinued as a color name

Moonbeam Blue was discontinued as a color name

Mountain Meadow was a new color name for one of the True Blue Hero contest colors

Mussel Shell Black (black) was discontinued as a color name

Ocean Floor (brown) was discontinued as a color name

Ocean Green Pearl was discontinued as part of the Discovery set but it’s color name and true color was still part of the Pearl Brite specialty set

Outer Space was a new color name for one of the True Blue Hero contest colors

Pacific Ocean was discontinued as a color name

Pig Pink was a new color name and true color

Pimpernel peach was a new color name and true color but its true color came from Peach

Pulsar Pink was discontinued as a color name

Purple Heart was a new color name for one of the True Blue Hero contest colors

Salmon was discontinued as part of the Discovery set but it’s color name and true color continued as part of the core color Salmon

Sandy Beach was discontinued as a color name

Satellite Gray was discontinued as a color name

Saturn's Ring was discontinued as a color name

Seahorse Beige was discontinued as a color name

Scarlet was a new color name but its true color came from Torch Red

Scarlet red was a new color name but its true color came from Red

Sea Serpent Green (green) was discontinued as a color name

Shadow was a new color name for one of the True Blue Hero contest colors

Shark Skin Gray was discontinued as a color name

Shrimp (orange) was discontinued as a color name

Solar Flare (orange) was discontinued as a color name

Space Shuttle White was discontinued as a color name

Squid Tan was discontinued as a color name

Starfish Lavender was discontinued as a color name

Starlight Yellow (yellow) was discontinued as a color name

Starry Night was discontinued as a color name

Sunfish Yellow (yellow) was discontinued as a color name

Sun Glow was discontinued as a color name

Sunken Treasure was discontinued as a color name

Torch Red was a new color name for one of the True Blue Hero contest colors but renamed to Scarlet by mid year

True Blue (Blue) was discontinued as a color name and true color

Tropical Reef Mauve was discontinued as a color name

Twinkle Twinkle Little Star was discontinued as a color name

Venus Violet (purple) was discontinued as a color name

 

These changes increased our overall named color count from 470 to 487 and the true color count went up from 288 to 300.  Active named colors decreased from 262 to 234 and active true colors increased from 154 to 166. 

 

Let’s take a look at the color list at the end of 1998:

 

Named
Color #

True
Color #

 

Color Name

Year

Named

True Color

Year

End

Date


End Reason

All

UC

All

LC

Mix

UC/LC

Other Name Variations on Wrapper


Notes

1

1

Black

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Kitty Cat Black, Leather Jacket, Licorice, Black Hole, Muscle Shell Black (Black), New Sneakers, Starry Night, Storm Cloud Black

1

125

Black

1903

1980

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

1

212

Black

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set, same color as Black with glitzy gold glitter

2

2

Blue

1903

1903

1935

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

True color renamed to Celestial Blue

2

66

Blue

1903

1935

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

2

70

Blue

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Birdie Blue, Blueberry, New Car, Blustery Blue, Deep Sea, Galaxy Blue, Hetty the Duck Blue, Mole Blue, Overalls Blue

2

213

Blue

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Blue with shimmering silver glitter

2

117

Blue

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

3

3

Brown

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Van Dyke Brown, Bunny Brown, Chocolate, Mouse Brown, Asteroid Brown, Ocean Floor (Brown), Pet Shop, Whoo Brown

4

4

Burnt Sienna

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Bt. Sienna, Burnt-Sienna

Same color as Baseball Mitt

4

118

Burnt Sienna

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

bt. sienna

Part of the Fabric specialty set

5

5

Burnt Umber

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

6

6

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Only found in No. 51 box

6

2

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1944

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Reused color name for orig. 1903 Blue color; only found in No. 52 box

7

7

Charcoal Gray

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Charc Gray

 

8

8

Chrome Green, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green DK, Ch. Green Dk.

Same color as Green, Dark, Dark Green, Pine Green

9

9

Chrome Green, Light

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

Chr Green L, CHR. GREEN L, Chr Green Lt.

Same color as Green, Light

10

10

Chrome Green, Medium

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green M

Same color as Green, Medium; Medium Green

11

11

Chrome Yellow, Light

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow

12

12

Chrome Yellow, Medium

1903

1903

1935

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr Yellow Med.

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow; Goldenrod

13

13

Cobalt Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Blue; only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon 1935-1943; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

13

126

Cobalt Blue

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

14

14

Copper

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Unavailable between 1915 and 1958

14

127

Copper

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set, same color as Copper Penny (Silver Swirls set)

15

15

Dark Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

 

Same color as Prussian Blue, Midnight Blue

16

8

Dark Green

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Green Dark, Pine Green

16

71

Dark Green

1903

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Forest Green, Grass Green 

17

16

English Vermillion

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Eng. Vermillion, Eng. Vermilion

 

18

17

Flesh Tint

1903

1903

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon starting 1935; Same color as Flesh, Pink Beige, Peach; Not available 1944 due to WWII

19

18

Gold

1903

1903

1953

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

1915-1943 only offered in Bulk; Not available 1944-1952 due to WWII

19

84

Gold

1903

1953

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Galatic Gold. Sunken Treasure

19

128

Gold

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

20

19

Gold Ochre

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Golden Ochre, Maize

21

19

Golden Ochre

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Gold Ochre, Maize

22

20

Green

1903

1903

1930

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

22

61

Green

1903

1930

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Leap Frog Green, Bullfrog Green, Graphic Green, Martian Green (Green), Mole’s Green Boots, Sea Sperpent Green (Green)

22

119

Green

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

22

214

Green

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Green with twinkling turquoise glitter

23

8

Green, Dark

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Dark; Dark Green; Pine Green

24

9

Green, Light

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Light

25

10

Green, Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

Green, Med.,

Same color as Chrome Green, Medium; Medium Green

26

21

Indian Red

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Ind. Red

 

27

11

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow.  Only found in No. 51 box

27

38

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Color name reused starting 1958, Same color as second Light Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow.  Color was retired in 1990 but reused in Europe starting in 1997.

28

14

Light Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Cobalt Blue.   Made exclusively for E.C. Charlton Stores

28

85

Light Blue

1903

1958

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

 

 

Only available for a small part of 1958

28

120

Light Blue

1903

1976

1980

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

29

11

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

Yellow Lt.; Lt. Yellow

Same color as Lemon Yellow, second Yellow, Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII;

29

38

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Yellow (true color 38) that it inherited in 1949, second Lemon Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow

30

22

Madder Lake

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

31

23

Magenta

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Permanent Magenta; Not available 1944 due to WWII

32

10

Medium Green

1903

1903

1939

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Med. Green

Same color as Green, Medium; Chrome Green, Medium; 1935-1939 only avail in long crayon size in No. 99

33

12

Medium Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Med. Yellow

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Chrome Yellow, Medium, Goldenrod, Golden Rod; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

34

24

Olive Green

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

35

25

Orange

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Jack “O” Lantern Orange, Tulip, Cyberspace Orange, Grandma’s Perfume, Huggable Bear Orange, Jupiter Orange, Shrimp (Orange), Solar Flare (Orange)

35

121

Orange

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

35

215

Orange

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Orange with twinkling turquoise glitter

36

26

Permanent Geranium Lake

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

37

23

Permanent Magenta

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Magenta

38

27

Pink

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Name not used from 1917-1990 then used from Mexico; same color as Rose Pink, Flamingo Pink, Carnation Pink, Shampoo

49

15

Prussian Blue

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

Yes

Prus. Blue

Same color as Dark Blue, Midnight Blue

40

28

Purple

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Name not used from 1914-1990 then used from Mexico; Same color as Violet

41

29

Raw Sienna

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

41

86

Raw Sienna

1903

1958

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Name revived 48 years after discontinuing it but with a new true color

42

30

Raw Umber

1903

1903

1990

Officially Retired

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

43

31

Red

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Candy Apple Red, Rose, Lobster Red (Red, Mercury Red (Red), Red Balloon, Smell the Roses, Scarlet Red

43

122

Red

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

43

216

Red

1903

1993

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Red with shimmering silver glitter

44

27

Rose Pink

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Pink, Carnation Pink, Flamingo Pink, Shampoo

45

32

Silver

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

1915-1943 offered only as bulk; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; same color as Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

45

129

Silver

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

46

33

Ultramarine Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

ULT. BLUE; Ult. Blue

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII; not available 1949-1957

47

3

Van Dyke Brown

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Brown.  Only found in No. 51 box

48

34

Venetian Red

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Ven. Red

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon from 1935-1937 Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

49

35

Venetian Red, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

50

36

Venetian Red, Light

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

51

28

Violet

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Violet (Purple) 

Same color as Purple, Bunch of Grapes Purple; 1949-1957 used another true color but reverted back in 1958, same color as Grape, Jellyfish Purple (Violet), Pouncy Purple, Venus Violet (purple), www.purple

51

72

Violet

1903

1949

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Name only used in Mexico with the same color as Blue Violet.  This was used as Violet in the USA from 1949 to 1958 before Violet revered back to its original true color.

51

123

Violet

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

51

217

Violet

1958

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set

52

37

White

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Baby Powder, Coconut, Baby’s Powder, Space Shuttle White

52

218

White

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as White with glitzy gold glitter

53

38

Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow (second one)

53

48

Yellow

1903

1926

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Maximum Yellow, Sunshine Yellow, Daffodil, Lemon, Starlight Yellow (Yellow), Sunfish Yellow (Yellow), Sunny Day, Sunshiny Yellow, World Wide Web Yellow

53

124

Yellow

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

53

219

Yellow

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Yellow with rainbow glitter

54

12

Yellow Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow

55

9

Light Green

1910

1910

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

Lt. Green

Same color as Chrome Green, Light; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

55

73

Light Green

1910

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Sea Green

56

39

Maximum Black

1926

1926

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935

57

40

Maximum Blue

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

58

41

Maximum Blue Green

1926

1926

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Maximum Blue-Green

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Same color as Blue Green; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

59

42

Maximum Green

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

60

43

Maximum Green Yellow

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Maximum Green-Yellow

Munsell wrappers used prior to 1935; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

61

44

Maximum Purple

1926

1926

1949

Discontinued