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The Definitive History of the Colors of Crayola

Part 33 – 100 Year Birthday

 

This is a multi-part series of articles written to tell the tale of the history of color names for Crayola. 

You can visit earlier parts here: Part 1 - In the Beginning there was..., Part 2 - The Original Color Line Up, Part 3 - Other Color Names, Part 4 - The Gold Medal Changeover, Part 5 - Dwindling Down, Part 6 - Changes in the Roaring 20s, Part 7 - Crayola Color Wheel, Part 8 - New Assortments Equals New Color Changes, Part 9 - Crayola's Biggest Assortment Secret, Part 10 - War Time Changes, Part 11 - Enter the No. 48, Part 12 - The 50s, Part 13 - The Revolutionary No. 64, Part 14 - The Consistent Years, Part 15 - Specialty Crayons, Part 16 - Fun Alternative Color Names, Part 17 - Heavy Metal, Part 18 - More So Big, Part 19 - Decade of Experimentation, Part 20 - Dawn of the Color Naming Contest, Part 21 - Contest Winners and more Specialty Crayons. Part 22 - Magic and Mystery, Part 23 - One Hundred Billion, Part 24 - Entertainment Revolution, Part 25 - True Blue Heroes, Part 26 - The Discovery Series, Part 27 - Smells like a Second Try, Part 28 - More Specialty Changes for 1997, Part 29 - True Blues get their Color Names, Part 30 - Retro, Part 31 - The New Millennium, Part 32 - Regional Colors

 

A Century of Crayola

 

Certainly when a brand hits the century mark there’s cause for celebration and in 2003 Crayola celebrated the milestone both internally and externally.

 

Colors of Binney
            & Smith crayons small.JPGInternally they produced a special gift to every employee at the time.  It was a tin containing eight specially named crayons that only employees working in Easton, PA could appreciate.  Of course, that just made the collectors desire those crayons even more and as a precious few trickled on to Ebay from those workers less sentimental, the prices skyrocketed with tins going for $200.  Eventually, supply exceeded collecting demand and the price dropped but very few show up for auction anymore and as more interest in color collecting increases, this will no doubt continue to be a desirable set.

Colors of Binney
            & Smith - 8 colors.jpg

The tin was called the “Colors of Binney & Smith” and contained:

 

alice's lipstick used the true color for red

binneywinkle used the true color for periwinkle

birthday bash blue used the true color for robin’s egg blue

bushkill blue used the true color for blue

century cornflower used the true color for cornflower

palmer pink used the true color for carnation pink

pencilvania purple used the true color for purple mountain’s majesty

sky's the limit blue used the true color for sky blue

 

The Crayola 100-color Assortment

 

Externally, Crayola produced a special version of their 96-color assortment and by adding a cellophane package of four new colors inside the top of the box they put out their first 100-color assortment.   In Canada they did the same thing but had their own unique container design.

 

  Crayola
                    Discover 100 Years of Color - 100 colors.jpgCrayola 100th
                    Birthday Special Edition - 100 colors.jpg

 

As in previous years they used the opportunity to hold another “Name the new colors” contest and initially put the four unique true colors into special celebration wrappers with generic #1-4 wrapper names which they later replaced with standard wrappers after the contest had ended.

 

Crayola 100th
                  New Colors Package.jpg    Crayola 100th
                    New Crayons.jpg    Crayola 100th
                    Color Names with Regular Wrappers.jpg

 

The four new color names chosen were:

Crayon #1 became Wild Blue Yonder

Crayon #2 became Jazzberry Jam

Crayon #3 became Inch Worm

Crayon #4 became Mango Tango

 

 

Another Retirement

 

Retired Colors
            2003.jpgThis time around, with the introduction of the four new colors for their centennial, Crayola also formally retired four colors:

 

Blizzard Blue.  Blizzard Blue had been around as a true color since 1972 having been one of the original eight Fluorescent colors as Ultra Blue Fluorescent.  They changed the name in 1990 to Blizzard Blue although that never happened in Europe; they chose to keep it until they discontinued factory crayon production at the end of 2003.  It was interesting that they retired this color since not only was it a part of the Fluorescent set but it also ranked #10 in their America’s Favorite Colors contest.

 

Magic Mint.  Magic Mint was another fluorescent (or neon) color from the expanded set when they went from eight fluorescent colors to sixteen.  It wasn’t that surprising to see this one go as it was found only in the largest assortments or in the Fluorescent and Neon specialty boxes.  Crayola had never used the true color for any other crayon name and it wasn’t ranked as one of America’s Top 50 Favorite Colors.

 

Mulberry.  Mulberry was part of the huge color revamp effort that happened in 1958 as the No. 64 debuted.  At the time it was a new true color not just a renamed older one.  The color had never been used for any other crayon name and didn’t rank on the top 50.  It was an easy choice for retirement.

 

Teal Blue.  Teal Blue was brought in to the color line up in 1990 as one of the eight new colors to replace the original eight retired colors from that year.  Who would have known that only 13 years later it too would be on the retiree list; particularly since it also made it as #35 in the America’s Top 50 Favorite Crayons list.

 

c-rex macaroni box
            back.jpgKraft dinner_crayola
            promotion_2003.jpgOne Rare Crayon Name

 

Another event that occurred in 2003 was a partnership promotion with Kraft Foods.  Crayola created a special C-Rex color crayon and wrapper that they put into twelve of their Kraft Macaroni and Cheese boxes.  The promotion was actually run by Crayola and the winning twelve kids received a trip to the Crayola Factory.  They also got to keep one of the rarest crayon name colors since those were the only ones produced.  In fact, the crayon is so rare I have been unable to either attain one or even get a picture of the crayon.  It most likely used either Macaroni and Cheese or Orange as its true color though.

 

Buy a Color

 

Most crayon manufacturers offered special make up boxes or exclusives for their customers who wanted to carry their own line of crayons.  Crayola had been doing this since the beginning of their crayon business too.  Although it wasn’t unheard of to create special color names offered only to their customers – they initially only offered Dark Blue and Light Blue to the E.F. Charleston department stores back in the early 1900s – there were very few examples of this happening in the company.  Crayola has never allowed consumers to custom design their own color names and so allowing larger customers has probably been a seriously considered decision.

 

In 2003 there seemed to be a resurge of interest for customers to create their own crayon color names and offer them in their establishments.

 

Macaroni Grill
            colors.jpg

Romano’s Macaroni Grill restaurants were one of the first to use this service.  A chain of Italian restaurants, Romano’s created a lot of unique color names and borrowed other colors; all of which were offered in their restaurants.  They were known for their paper table top covers where a customer could color right on the table and the servers would write their names on them to garner a personal touch to your dining experience.

Their color offerings and history are fairly complex.  When I first compiled this history I documented there were eight distinct colors used:

The eight colors they used were:

Blue Cheese used the true color for blue

Eggplant was actually already a color created back in 1997

Florentine used the true color for forest green

Mac & Cheese used the true color for macaroni and cheese

Parmesan used the true color for goldenrod

Portobello used the true color for brown

Roasted Red Pepper used the true color for brick red

Roma Tomato used the true color for scarlet

 mirtilla blueberry


Mirtilla Blueberry is both a rare color and a bit of a mystery.  I had a reader write to me and send me the picture.  It was her favorite color of the Macaroni Grill colors and she only had the one.  As is often the case in collecting, this "only one" scenario where no other crayon was known eventually goes away when another collector or reader confirms the existence of another.  A year or so later another reader did inform me that she too had one along with some other colors I didn't initially document.  At the same time, my reader of the first Mirtilla Blueberry corrected me on the true color source for that.  I had incorrectly documented that as Robins Egg Blue when in fact it was Cerulean.


More Crayola Macaroni Grill colors



Fresh Basil was another color name that went unknown until a reader sent me a photo of one along with the second Mirtilla Blueberry.  In that photo there was also a Bleu Cheese color.  This was obviously a variation of the Blue Cheese color they had already used but for some reason they had done this one with only the Italian/French spelling of it and no English secondary line making it unique as well.

 

So, an update was in order.  After the first set of eight colors, there are also the following additional colors

 

Mirtilla Blueberry used the true color cerulean

Violet Red was actually already an existing color created in 1958 but the dual Italian/English wrapper makes this a valid variation to document

Macaroni & Cheese provided the first non-European variation of this naming for the Macaroni and Cheese color which first appeared in 1993.

Fresh Basil used the true color green

Bleu Cheese used the true color for blue

 

Note also that some of the Macaroni Gill crayons use a convention of only lower case but with a dual language (Italian and English) whereas others don't have the Italian and use an upper/lower case convention on their color names.  The singe violator of this is Mirtilla Blueberry which is found only with lower case.  Why that is so and why they used two lines to print the color name on the wrapper may always be a mystery.  It just adds more credence to the reality that Crayola's color history is complex in its nuances.


Interestingly, Mac & Cheese became the fifth naming variation for that crayon color.  They started with Macaroni and Cheese, had Macaroni & Cheese in Europe, used Macaroni-n-Cheese, Macaroni n Cheese and now had a Mac & Cheese.  I chose to add a color name to the list for this last variation given that they significantly changed the name for this one and that it was part of a privately funded color name.  There was a bit of an arbitrary choice on consistency given that I’d already chosen to split out Goldenrod and Golden Rod as two distinct color names even though they were technically different variations of the same color.  Another item of note is that apparently the current day standards of color names on wrappers for the main Crayola line don’t apply to contract color names as all of the contract names use both upper and lower case whereas Crayola was only using lower case on all their color names at this time.

 

mac and chees
                  variations.jpg

 

The Dole Company also had Crayola produce and put out an assortment of unique colors names as part of a fruit and vegetable promotion they ran in 2003 called the Dole 5-A-Day.  They only came in a simple cellophane package with a Dole sticker on the outside.  Inside, they had the following colors:

Dole 5-A-Day - 5
            colors.jpg

Bobby™ Banana used the true color for dandelion

Lucy Lettuce™ Green used the true color for shamrock    

Patrick Potato™ Beige used the true color for tumbleweed

Pepe Bell Pepper™ Red used the true color for brick red

Perry Prunes™ Purple used the true color for violet (purple)

 

Dole 5-A-Day
                  colors.jpg        Dole 5-A-Day
                    alternative color set.jpg

 

Somewhere along the line they swapped out Perry Prunes™ Purple and replaced it with Ray Raisin™ Purple instead.  This was done when they moved from the plastic packages with the 5 A Day stickers on them to a large box that contained loose crayons.

 

5adaytop.jpg     5adayinside.jpg

 

Each of these had trademarked names associated with them and in the color name; the first for Crayola color names.

 

Another restaurant chain that started using personal Crayola color names was Chili’s.  Chili’s is a chain of Southwestern style restaurants in the USA.  They came up with the following colors:

Chili Colors.jpg

Banana Berry-Blitz used the true color for Hot Magenta

Blueberry was actually a color already created back in 1997 as a part of the Magic Scents line although this one used the true color Blue

Chili’s® Green used the true color for Green

Chock-A-Lot Shake used the true color for Brown

Dreamy Creamy Orange used the true color for Orange

Lemonade used the true color for Yellow

Pepper Pal’s® Red used the true color for Red

Sour Apple used the true color for Granny Smith Apple

 

Chili’s colors also added their own naming firsts to the color history just like Romano’s Macaroni Grill did.  They created two color names that used a trademark symbol in them.

 

Crayola 1916-2003 (Bedford Final Run) - 24 colors.jpgFarewell Bedford, UK

 

December 2003 marked the last factory production of crayons from the Bedford, UK location.  Crayola consolidated their crayon production out of Mexico in 2004 and ended a long production relationship with the former Cosmic Crayon Company.  They originally bought out Cosmic and used as their facility as the European distribution center.  The facility remained their European Headquarters but it brought an end to unique crayon color names that were adjusted purely for the European market.  With this end, we lost a number of older names and active names from the list:  Lemon Yellow, Chartreuse Fluorescent, Hot Magenta Fluorescent, Ultra Blue Fluorescent, Ultra Green Fluorescent, Ultra Orange Fluorescent, Ultra Pink Fluorescent, Ultra Red Fluorescent, Ultra Yellow Fluorescent, Electric Green, Fiery Orange, Magic Magenta, Peppermint Green, Powerful Purple, Golden Rod, Tangerine.  All of these color names, of course, used different true colors that weren’t dropped as a result.

 

Goodbyes

 

With all the short runs in the 1990s and 2000s there were invariably a number of product lines coming off the shelves every year.  2003 was no exception; we saw both of the regional assortments go away:  Colors of Baltimore and Colors of Washington DC (although those colors would show up again several years later in another assortment).

 

For the color history, here were the changes from 2003:

 

Alice's Lipstick was a new color name but its true color came from Red

Aquarium Aqua was discontinued but its true color remains with Aquamarine

Banana Berry-Blitz was a new color name but its true color came from Hot Magenta

Binneywinkle a new color name but its true color came from Periwinkle

Birthday Bash Blue a new color name but its true color came from Robin’s Egg Blue

Black Eyed Susan was discontinued but its true color remains with Dandelion

Blue Cheese was a new color name but its true color came from Blue

Blueberry wasn’t a new color name or a new true color but this was the first time the color name used the true color Blue

Blizzard Blue was officially retired

Bobby™ Banana was a new color name but its true color came from Dandelion

Bushkill Blue was a new color name but its true color came from Blue

C-Rex was a new color name but its true color came from Macaroni and Cheese; it also was discontinued in the same year.

Century Cornflower was a new color name but its true color came from Cornflower

Chartreuse Fluorescent was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Cherry Blossom was discontinued but its true color remains with Carnation Pink

Chili’s® Green was a new color name but its true color came from Green

Chock-A-Lot Shake was a new color name but its true color came from Brown

Crabby Red was discontinued but its true color remains with Red

Dreamy Creamy Orange was a new color name but its true color came from Orange

Electric Green was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Fiery Orange was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Florentine was a new color name but its true color came from Forest Green

Francis Scott Key lime was discontinued but its true color remains with Granny Smith Apple

Fresh Basil was a new color name but its true color came from Green
Go O's
was discontinued but its true color remains with Orange

Golden Rod was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Harbor Lights was discontinued but its true color remains with Silver

Hot Magenta Fluorescent was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Inch Worm was a new color name and true color and also had the variation Crayon #3

Iron Man Blue was discontinued but its true color remains with Blue

Jazzberry Jam was a new color name and true color and also had the variation Crayon #2

Lemon Yellow was discontinued again as Europe ceased crayon production

Lemonade was a new color name but its true color came from Yellow

Liberty Blue was discontinued but its true color remains with Blue

Lincoln Penny was discontinued but its true color remains with Brown

Lucy Lettuce™ Green was a new color name but its true color came from Shamrock   

Mac & Cheese was a new color name but its true color came from Macaroni and Cheese

Macaroni & Cheese was a new color variation name (with the Italian line) of the true color Macaroni and Cheese

Magic Magenta was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Mango Tango was a new color name and true color and also had the variation Crayon #4

Magic Mint was officially retired

Mirtilla Blueberry was a new color name but its true color came from Cerulean

Monument Gray was discontinued but its true color remains with Gray

Mulberry was officially retired

Palmer Pink was a new color name but its true color came from Carnation Pink

Parmesan was a new color name but its true color came from Goldenrod

Patrick Potato™ Beige was a new color name but its true color came from Tumbleweed

Pencilvania Purple was a new color name but its true color came from Purple Mountain’s Majesty

Pepe Bell Pepper™ Red was a new color name but its true color came from Brick Red

Pepper Pal’s® Red was a new color name but its true color came from Red

Peppermint Green was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Perry Prunes™ Purple was a new color name but its true color came from Violet (purple)

Portobello was a new color name but its true color came from Brown

Powerful Purple was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Presidential Seal Gold was discontinued but its true color remains with Goldenrod

Ravenous Purple was discontinued but its true color remains with Purple (violet)

Ray Raisin™ Purple was a new color name but its true color came from Purple (violet)

Roasted Red Pepper was a new color name but its true color came from Brick Red

Rockets Red Glare was discontinued but its true color remains with Maroon

Roma Tomato was a new color name but its true color came from Scarlet

Sky's the Limit Blue was a new color name but its true color came from Sky Blue

Sour Apple was a new color name but its true color came from Granny Smith Apple

Tangerine was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Teal Blue was officially retired

U.S. Mint was discontinued but its true color remains with Shamrock

Ultra Blue Fluorescent was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Ultra Green Fluorescent was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Ultra Orange Fluorescent was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Ultra Pink Fluorescent was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Ultra Red Fluorescent was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Ultra Yellow Fluorescent was discontinued as Europe ceased crayon production

Violet Red was a new color variation name (with the Italian line) of the true color Violet Red

White House was discontinued but its true color remains with White

Wild Blue Yonder was a new color name and true color and also had the variation Crayon #1

 

The overall named color count jumped up from 567 to 603 total named colors and overall true colors went from 317 to 321.  As for active named colors; they dropped from 172 to 171 while active true colors stayed the same at 146.

 

Let’s take a look at the color list at the end of 2003:

 

Named
Color #

True
Color #

 

Color Name

Year

Named

True Color

Year

End

Date


End Reason

All

UC

All

LC

Mix

UC/LC

Other Name Variations on Wrapper


Notes

1

1

Black

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 #34 black

Same color as Kitty Cat Black, Leather Jacket, Licorice, Black Hole, Muscle Shell Black (Black), New Sneakers, Starry Night, Storm Cloud Black, Cosmic Black, Shades of Black, Allen Iverson's favorite – black

1

125

Black

1903

1980

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

1

212

Black

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set, same color as Black with glitzy gold glitter

2

2

Blue

1903

1903

1935

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

True color renamed to Celestial Blue

2

66

Blue

1903

1935

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

2

70

Blue

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 #1 blue

Same color as Birdie Blue, Blueberry, New Car, Blustery Blue, Deep Sea, Galaxy Blue, Hetty the Duck Blue, Mole Blue, Overalls Blue, Bell-Bottom Blue, Derrick Coleman's favorite – blue, Matt Harpring's favorite – blue, Speedy Claxton's favorite – blue, iron man blue, liberty blue, Blue Cheese, Bleu Cheese, Bushkill Blue

2

213

Blue

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Blue with shimmering silver glitter

2

117

Blue

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

3

3

Brown

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Van Dyke Brown, Bunny Brown, Chocolate, Mouse Brown, Asteroid Brown, Ocean Floor (Brown), Pet Shop, Whoo Brown, Woodstock Mud, Chock-A-Lot Shake, Portobello

4

4

Burnt Sienna

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Bt. Sienna, Burnt-Sienna; #44 burnt sienna

Same color as Baseball Mitt

4

118

Burnt Sienna

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

bt. sienna

Part of the Fabric specialty set

5

5

Burnt Umber

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

6

6

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Only found in No. 51 box

6

2

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1944

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Reused color name for orig. 1903 Blue color; only found in No. 52 box

7

7

Charcoal Gray

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Charc Gray

 

8

8

Chrome Green, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green DK, Ch. Green Dk.

Same color as Green, Dark, Dark Green, Pine Green

9

9

Chrome Green, Light

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

Chr Green L, CHR. GREEN L, Chr Green Lt.

Same color as Green, Light

10

10

Chrome Green, Medium

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green M

Same color as Green, Medium; Medium Green

11

11

Chrome Yellow, Light

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow

12

12

Chrome Yellow, Medium

1903

1903

1935

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr Yellow Med.

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow; Goldenrod

13

13

Cobalt Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Blue; only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon 1935-1943; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

13

126

Cobalt Blue

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

14

14

Copper

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Unavailable between 1915 and 1958

14

127

Copper

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set, same color as Copper Penny (Silver Swirls set)

15

15

Dark Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

 

Same color as Prussian Blue, Midnight Blue

16

8

Dark Green

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Green Dark, Pine Green

16

71

Dark Green

1903

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Forest Green, Grass Green 

17

16

English Vermillion

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Eng. Vermillion, Eng. Vermilion

 

18

17

Flesh Tint

1903

1903

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon starting 1935; Same color as Flesh, Pink Beige, Peach; Not available 1944 due to WWII

19

18

Gold

1903

1903

1953

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

1915-1943 only offered in Bulk; Not available 1944-1952 due to WWII

19

84

Gold

1903

1953

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Galatic Gold. Sunken Treasure

19

128

Gold

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

20

19

Gold Ochre

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Golden Ochre, Maize

21

19

Golden Ochre

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Gold Ochre, Maize

22

20

Green

1903

1903

1930

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

22

61

Green

1903

1930

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 #21 green

Same color as Leap Frog Green, Bullfrog Green, Graphic Green, Martian Green (Green), Mole’s Green Boots, Sea Sperpent Green (Green), Eric Snow's favorite – green, Chili’s® Green, Lucy™ Lettuce Green, Fresh Basil

22

119

Green

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

22

214

Green

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Green with twinkling turquoise glitter

23

8

Green, Dark

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Dark; Dark Green; Pine Green

24

9

Green, Light

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Light

25

10

Green, Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

Green, Med.,

Same color as Chrome Green, Medium; Medium Green

26

21

Indian Red

1903

1903

1999

Used as other name

Yes

Yes

Yes

Ind. Red

 Same color as Chestunut

27

11

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow.  Only found in No. 51 box

27

38

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

2003

Discontinued

Yes

Yes

 

 

Color name reused starting 1958, Same color as second Light Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow.  Color was retired in 1990 but reused in Europe from 1997-2003.

28

14

Light Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Cobalt Blue.   Made exclusively for E.C. Charlton Stores

28

85

Light Blue

1903

1958

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

 

 

Only available for a small part of 1958

28

120

Light Blue

1903

1976

1980

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

29

11

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

Yellow Lt.; Lt. Yellow

Same color as Lemon Yellow, second Yellow, Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII;

29

38

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Yellow (true color 38) that it inherited in 1949, second Lemon Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow

30

22

Madder Lake

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

31

23

Magenta

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 #38 magenta

Same color as Permanent Magenta; Not available 1944 due to WWII

32

10

Medium Green

1903

1903

1939

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Med. Green

Same color as Green, Medium; Chrome Green, Medium; 1935-1939 only avail in long crayon size in No. 99

33

12

Medium Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Med. Yellow

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Chrome Yellow, Medium, Goldenrod, Golden Rod; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

34

24

Olive Green

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

35

25

Orange

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Jack “O” Lantern Orange, Tulip, Cyberspace Orange, Grandma’s Perfume, Huggable Bear Orange, Jupiter Orange, Shrimp (Orange), Solar Flare (Orange), Damone Brown's favorite – orange, Jack-O-Lantern Orange, go O's, Dreamy Creamy Orange

35

121

Orange

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

35

215

Orange

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Orange with twinkling turquoise glitter

36

26

Permanent Geranium Lake

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

37

23

Permanent Magenta

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Magenta

38

27

Pink

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Name not used from 1917-1990 then used from Mexico; same color as Rose Pink, Flamingo Pink, Carnation Pink, Shampoo

49

15

Prussian Blue

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

Yes

Prus. Blue

Same color as Dark Blue, Midnight Blue

40

28

Purple

1903

1903

 

 

 

 

Yes

 

Name not used from 1914-1990 then used from Mexico; Same color as Violet

41

29

Raw Sienna

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

41

86

Raw Sienna

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