Crayoncollecting.com

HomeCrayola InfoOther CompaniesArticles

 

The Definitive History of the Colors of Crayola

Part 35 – Tri-Lingual

 

This is a multi-part series of articles written to tell the tale of the history of color names for Crayola. 

You can visit earlier parts here: Part 1 - In the Beginning there was..., Part 2 - The Original Color Line Up, Part 3 - Other Color Names, Part 4 - The Gold Medal Changeover, Part 5 - Dwindling Down, Part 6 - Changes in the Roaring 20s, Part 7 - Crayola Color Wheel, Part 8 - New Assortments Equals New Color Changes, Part 9 - Crayola's Biggest Assortment Secret, Part 10 - War Time Changes, Part 11 - Enter the No. 48, Part 12 - The 50s, Part 13 - The Revolutionary No. 64, Part 14 - The Consistent Years, Part 15 - Specialty Crayons, Part 16 - Fun Alternative Color Names, Part 17 - Heavy Metal, Part 18 - More So Big, Part 19 - Decade of Experimentation, Part 20 - Dawn of the Color Naming Contest, Part 21 - Contest Winners and more Specialty Crayons. Part 22 - Magic and Mystery, Part 23 - One Hundred Billion, Part 24 - Entertainment Revolution, Part 25 - True Blue Heroes, Part 26 - The Discovery Series, Part 27 - Smells like a Second Try, Part 28 - More Specialty Changes for 1997, Part 29 - True Blues get their Color Names, Part 30 - Retro, Part 31 - The New Millennium, Part 32 - Regional Colors, Part 33 - 100 Year Birthday, Part 34 - Superhero Invasion

 

Where’s there’s one Superhero…

 

In 2005 they continued their superhero trend by using another licensed character on an assortment.  I suppose since they had already done Spiderman in 2004 and that was a Marvel Comics origin they needed to feature a DC Comics Superhero as well.  They chose Batman.  Like the Spiderman assortment from the year before, Batman crayons had no color names on them.  This would be the last of the licensed character boxes for awhile.  They also chose to use their Washables line of crayons.  The wrappers on the crayons were very distinctive; featuring a prominent bat on a yellow and black design.

 

Crayola Washable Batman - 16 colors  Crayola Batman crayons.jpg

 

A standard in wrappers

 

In 2005 Crayola redesigned their crayon wrappers once again.  This time they adopted a standard international crayon that utilized a tri-language format.  The format included English, French and Spanish color names.  By doing so, they could ship all their international crayons from Mexico and not have to put different wrappers on each location.

 

In doing so, Crayola also took the opportunity to make some changes to their color line up.  Some were subtle and some were not so subtle but all of the changes were done without publicity or fanfare.

 

image074.jpg

 

Purple Mountain Majesty got yet another minor variation change to Purple Mountains’ Majesty.  This marked the third variation for the color.

 

Purple Mountain Majesty
                                comparison.jpg

 

The bigger news was that Crayola changed the names of two more colors at the end of 2005.  Brink Pink was replaced by Pink Sherbet and Cranberry was replaced by Blush.  There were no official retirements, no publicity campaigns, no picketing from supporters of those color names.  In fact, the change was so quiet that even on Crayola’s website, if you look up either new color, you’ll find that they reference the names back to the original introduction of the true color with no mention that they made name changes along the way.  Any non-observant consumer might simply conclude that Pink Sherbet was one of the True Blue contest colors.  It was; but nobody picked Pink Sherbet as the name at the end of that contest, they picked Brink Pink.  I guess the fact that Frank Brink was one of the nominated and winning heroes and the only one that had their name as part of the color wasn’t relevant anymore and so it got changed.  Why Crayola chose to replace Cranberry with Blush is really a mystery as Cranberry was clearly an appropriate color name for that true color.  Nevertheless, the change was made.

 

blush and pink sherbert colors.jpg

 

Finally, the other crayon they made a tweak to the name was Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown.  For whatever reason, they chose to drop the Brown reference, leaving the color to be Fuzzy Wuzzy.  Though this was a name variation, it was large enough to warrant an official new color name and a closing out of the old one.

 

Fuzzy Wuzzy comparison

       

 

For the color history, here were the changes from 2005:

 

Blush was a new color name but its true color came from Cranberry

Brink Pink was discontinued as a color name but its true color remains with the new Pink Sherbert

Cranberry was discontinued as a color name but its true color remains with the new Blush

Fuzzy Wuzzy was a new color name but its true color came from Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown

Fuzzy Wuzzy Brown was discontinued as a color name but its true color remains with the newly renamed Fuzzy Wuzzy

Pink Sherbert was a new color name but its true color came from Brink Pink

 

The overall named color count jumped up from 665 to 668 total named colors and overall true colors stayed the same at 321.  As for active named colors; they stayed at 219 while active true colors remained at 146.

 

Let’s take a look at the color list at the end of 2005:

 

Named
Color #

True
Color #

 

Color Name

Year

Named

True Color

Year

End

Date


End Reason

All

UC

All

LC

Mix

UC/LC

Other Name Variations on Wrapper


Notes

1

1

Black

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 #34 black

Same color as Kitty Cat Black, Leather Jacket, Licorice, Black Hole, Muscle Shell Black (Black), New Sneakers, Starry Night, Storm Cloud Black, Cosmic Black, Shades of Black, Allen Iverson's favorite – black, Illinois Abe Lincoln’s Hat

1

125

Black

1903

1980

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

1

212

Black

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set, same color as Black with glitzy gold glitter

2

2

Blue

1903

1903

1935

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

True color renamed to Celestial Blue

2

66

Blue

1903

1935

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

2

70

Blue

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 #1 blue

Same color as Birdie Blue, Blueberry, New Car, Blustery Blue, Deep Sea, Galaxy Blue, Hetty the Duck Blue, Mole Blue, Overalls Blue, Bell-Bottom Blue, Derrick Coleman's favorite – blue, Matt Harpring's favorite – blue, Speedy Claxton's favorite – blue, iron man blue, liberty blue, Blue Cheese, Bushkill Blue, America the Blue-tiful

2

213

Blue

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Blue with shimmering silver glitter

2

117

Blue

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

3

3

Brown

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Van Dyke Brown, Bunny Brown, Chocolate, Mouse Brown, Asteroid Brown, Ocean Floor (Brown), Pet Shop, Whoo Brown, Woodstock Mud, Chock-A-Lot Shake, Portobello, Mississippi Mud Pie

4

4

Burnt Sienna

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Bt. Sienna, Burnt-Sienna; #44 burnt sienna

Same color as Baseball Mitt, Massachusetts Boston Tea Party

4

118

Burnt Sienna

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

bt. sienna

Part of the Fabric specialty set

5

5

Burnt Umber

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

6

6

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Only found in No. 51 box

6

2

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1944

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Reused color name for orig. 1903 Blue color; only found in No. 52 box

7

7

Charcoal Gray

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Charc Gray

 

8

8

Chrome Green, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green DK, Ch. Green Dk.

Same color as Green, Dark, Dark Green, Pine Green

9

9

Chrome Green, Light

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

Chr Green L, CHR. GREEN L, Chr Green Lt.

Same color as Green, Light

10

10

Chrome Green, Medium

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green M

Same color as Green, Medium; Medium Green

11

11

Chrome Yellow, Light

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow

12

12

Chrome Yellow, Medium

1903

1903

1935

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr Yellow Med.

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow; Goldenrod

13

13

Cobalt Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Blue; only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon 1935-1943; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

13

126

Cobalt Blue

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

14

14

Copper

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Unavailable between 1915 and 1958

14

127

Copper

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set, same color as Copper Penny (Silver Swirls set)

15

15

Dark Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

 

Same color as Prussian Blue, Midnight Blue

16

8

Dark Green

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Green Dark, Pine Green

16

71

Dark Green

1903

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Forest Green, Grass Green 

17

16

English Vermillion

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Eng. Vermillion, Eng. Vermilion

 

18

17

Flesh Tint

1903

1903

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon starting 1935; Same color as Flesh, Pink Beige, Peach; Not available 1944 due to WWII

19

18

Gold

1903

1903

1953

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

1915-1943 only offered in Bulk; Not available 1944-1952 due to WWII

19

84

Gold

1903

1953

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Galatic Gold. Sunken Treasure, Kentucky Fort Knox Gold

19

128

Gold

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

20

19

Gold Ochre

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Golden Ochre, Maize

21

19

Golden Ochre

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Gold Ochre, Maize

22

20

Green

1903

1903

1930

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

22

61

Green

1903

1930

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 #21 green

Same color as Leap Frog Green, Bullfrog Green, Graphic Green, Martian Green (Green), Mole’s Green Boots, Sea Sperpent Green (Green), Eric Snow's favorite – green, Chili’s® Green, Lucy™ Lettuce Green

22

119

Green

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

22

214

Green

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Green with twinkling turquoise glitter

23

8

Green, Dark

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Dark; Dark Green; Pine Green

24

9

Green, Light

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Light

25

10

Green, Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

Green, Med.,

Same color as Chrome Green, Medium; Medium Green

26

21

Indian Red

1903

1903

1999

Used as other name

Yes

Yes

Yes

Ind. Red

 Same color as Chestunut

27

11

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow.  Only found in No. 51 box

27

38

Lemon Yellow

1903

1903

2003

Discontinued

Yes

Yes

 

 

Color name reused starting 1958, Same color as second Light Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow.  Color was retired in 1990 but reused in Europe from 1997-2003.

28

14

Light Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Cobalt Blue.   Made exclusively for E.C. Charlton Stores

28

85

Light Blue

1903

1958

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

 

 

Only available for a small part of 1958

28

120

Light Blue

1903

1976

1980

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

29

11

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

Yellow Lt.; Lt. Yellow

Same color as Lemon Yellow, second Yellow, Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII;

29

38

Light Yellow

1903

1903

1958

Used as other Name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Yellow (true color 38) that it inherited in 1949, second Lemon Yellow, Fire Fly Yellow

30

22

Madder Lake

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

 

31

23

Magenta

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 #38 magenta

Same color as Permanent Magenta; Not available 1944 due to WWII

32

10

Medium Green

1903

1903

1939

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Med. Green