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The Definitive History of the Colors of Crayola

Part 36 – High Tech Crayons

 

This is a multi-part series of articles written to tell the tale of the history of color names for Crayola. 

You can visit earlier parts here: Part 1 - In the Beginning there was..., Part 2 - The Original Color Line Up, Part 3 - Other Color Names, Part 4 - The Gold Medal Changeover, Part 5 - Dwindling Down, Part 6 - Changes in the Roaring 20s, Part 7 - Crayola Color Wheel, Part 8 - New Assortments Equals New Color Changes, Part 9 - Crayola's Biggest Assortment Secret, Part 10 - War Time Changes, Part 11 - Enter the No. 48, Part 12 - The 50s, Part 13 - The Revolutionary No. 64, Part 14 - The Consistent Years, Part 15 - Specialty Crayons, Part 16 - Fun Alternative Color Names, Part 17 - Heavy Metal, Part 18 - More So Big, Part 19 - Decade of Experimentation, Part 20 - Dawn of the Color Naming Contest, Part 21 - Contest Winners and more Specialty Crayons. Part 22 - Magic and Mystery, Part 23 - One Hundred Billion, Part 24 - Entertainment Revolution, Part 25 - True Blue Heroes, Part 26 - The Discovery Series, Part 27 - Smells like a Second Try, Part 28 - More Specialty Changes for 1997, Part 29 - True Blues get their Color Names, Part 30 - Retro, Part 31 - The New Millennium, Part 32 - Regional Colors, Part 33 - 100 Year Birthday, Part 34 - Superhero Invasion, Part 35 - Tri-Lingual

 

A Crayon for a New Generation

 

By 2006 Crayola had already enjoyed four years with their revolutionary Twistables crayons.  While these new high tech crayons were a boon for children, they contained no color names on them and had collectors concerned that perhaps this was a hint of the future.  Fears were alleviated when they introduced the Heads ‘N Tails set.

 

Heads N Tails colors        Crayola Heads n Tails (New) - 8
                                  colors

 

With the introduction of these crayons Crayola once again blurred the lines on the definition of a crayon color by introducing these dual ended crayons.  Even the color name was subject to interpretation.  For example, was it “Sizzling Red Salsa” or “Sizzling Salsa” or is it two colors: “Sizzling Red” and “Red Salsa”?  The colors were based on the standard No. 8 colors of Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Black, Brown and Purple (although Purple is actually called Violet (purple) in the standard assortment.  The unique catch with these crayons is that each end is a different shade from that color family; one side dark and the other light.  As such, that meant the following:

 

Sizzling Red             Red Salsa                             Sizzling Red used Brick Red while Red Salsa used Red

Tart Orange             Orange Soda                       Tart Orange used Red Orange while Orange Soda used Orange

Bright Yellow           Yellow Sunshine                Bright Yellow used regular Yellow while Yellow Sunshine used Apricot

Slimy Green             Green Lizard                        Slimy Green used Green while Green Lizard used Inch Worm

Denim Blue              Blue Jeans                           Denim Blue used Denim while Blue Jeans used Sky Blue

Plump Purple          Purple Plum                         Plump Purple used Violet (Purple) while Purple Plum used Royal Purple

Eerie Black               Black Shadows                  Eerie Black used Black while Black Shadows used Timberwolf

Sweet Brown           Brown Sugar                       Sweet Brown used Brown while Brown Sugar used Peach

 

The Green Movement

 

By 2006 the environmental movement had permeated all of society including the crayon market.  Crayola provided a special edition No. 8 box for GE called The Colors of ecomagination celebrating their special solar powered facility in Easton, PA.

 

Crayola Colors of Ecomagination
                                crayons   Crayola No 8 (GE Colors of
                            Ecomagination) - 8 colors

 

Of course, as was standard operating procedure for Crayola during these times, they simply renamed their standard eight colors.  Blue became Clear Water Blue, Black became Cleaner Coal Black, Orange was Evolution Orange, Green was Hybrid Green, Brown was Mother Earth Brown, Purple was Purification Purple, Red became Revitalized Red and Yellow became Solar Yellow.

 

One note on these though is that they didn’t employ their new tri-language wrapper format.  These may have been designed and printed prior to the changeover for the regular colors.

 

More Scented Crayons

 

2006 also brought us another surprise:  a third attempt at scented crayons.  First they made the various Magic Scent assortments.  Then they tried the Color ‘n Smell line.  This time around they called them Silly Scents; complete with all new color names and a newly designed wrapper that was vertically oriented similar to their original Rubens Crayola line.

 

Silly Scent colors 2006   Crayola Silly Scents (no new) -
                                  16 colors

 

The breakdown was:

 

ALIEN ARMPIT which used the true color Yellow Green

BIG FOOT FEET which used the true color Tan

BOOGER BUSTER which used the true color Spring Green

DINGY DUNGEON which used the true color Maroon

GARGOYLE GAS which used the true color Dandelion

GIANT'S CLUB which used the true color Chestnut

MAGIC POTION which used the true color Red

MUMMY'S TOMB which used the true color Gray

OGRE ODOR which used the true color Red Orange

PIXIE POWDER which used the true color Blue Violet

PRINCESS PERFUME which used the true color Tickle Me Pink

SASQUATCH SOCKS which used the true color Violet Red

SEA SERPENT which used the true color Robin’s Egg Blue

SMASHED PUMPKIN which used the true color Orange

SUNBURNT CYCLOPS which used the true color Mango Tango

WINTER WIZARD which used the true color Sky Blue

 

By making their color names outrageous, Crayola avoided the confusion and temptation of children ingesting the crayons.  These were available both in the USA and in Canada using separate box designs.  They also started out with a “New” box and then later dropped the “New” from the box.  That was a good sign because some of their product lines never made it long enough to drop the “New” from the box.

 

The Color Purple

 

The Oprah Winfrey show did a feature on “Million Dollar Ideas” in 2006 and one of the ideas was the 64-color Crayola box that she remembered having as a child.  In preparation for the show, Crayola made up a special crayon color called the color purple and had Oprah’s first name signature on the wrapper as well.  They put 64 of the special crayons into a No 64 box and had the great granddaughter of Edward Binney present her with the gift.  The colors were never sold.

 

the color purple (Oprah) color.jpg    Oprah with her crayon.jpg

 

Of course, that crayon was not only extremely rare but also a unique color name to add to the list.  The true color was actually Blue Violet.  Given that it was never release, the color didn’t show up on the active list at all.

 

Many Goodbyes

 

We had a significant drop in color names in 2006 as the State Color Collection dropped out of circulation taking with it 63 unique color names (the 64th color was Purple Mountain’s Majesty which was already a used color name).  Also gone were the reissued Colors of Washington colors: cherry blossom used the true color for carnation pink, liberty blue, Lincoln penny, monument gray, presidential seal gold, rockets red glare, U.S. Mint, White House.  Target Stores concluded their promotion of the Target® Red crayon they rolled out in 2004.  Chili’s also discontinued their private colors in 2006 leaving us without Banana Berry-Blitz, Hot Magenta, Blueberry, Chili’s® Green, Chock-A-Lot Shake, Dreamy Creamy Orange, Lemonade, Pepper Pal’s® Red, Sour Apple.  That meant 80 color names were dropped from the active list for 2006.

 

For the color history, here were the changes from 2006:

 

Alabama Heart of Dixie was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Razzmatazz

Alaska Kodiak Bear Brown was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Beaver

Alien Armpit was a new color name but its true color came from Yellow Green

Amber Waves of Grain was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Canary

America the Blue-tiful was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Blue

Arkansas Hog Wild Red was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Brick Red

Arizona Grand Canyon was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Tan

Banana Berry-Blitz was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Hot Magenta

Big Foot Feet was a new color name but its true color came from Tan

Black Shadows was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Timberwolf

Blue Jeans was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Sky Blue

Blueberry remained as a color name but the one using the true color Blue was discontinued

Booger Buster was a new color name but its true color came from Spring Green

Bright Yellow was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Yellow

Brown Sugar was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Peach

California Sacra-mint-o was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Granny Smith Apple

Cherry Blossom was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Carnation Pink

Chili’s® Green was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Green

Chock-A-Lot Shake was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Brown

Cleaner Coal Black was a new color name but its true color came from Black

Clear Water Blue was a new color name but its true color came from Blue

Colorado Pikes Peak Purple was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Violet (Purple)

Connecticut Nutmeg was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Raw Sienna

Dawn's Early Light was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Macaroni and Cheese

Delaware First State Fuchsia was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Fuchsia

Denim Blue was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Denim

Dingy Dungeon was a new color name but its true color came from Maroon

Dreamy Creamy Orange was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Orange

Eerie Black was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Black

Evolution Orange was a new color name but its true color came from Orange

Florida Alligator Alley was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Asparagus

Fruited Plains was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Wisteria

Gargoyle Gas was a new color name but its true color came from Dandelion

Georgia Sweet Georgia Peach was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Melon

Giant’s Club was a new color name but its true color came from Chestnut

Green Lizard was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Inchworm

Greenback was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Forest Green

Hawaii Aloha Aquamarine was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Aquamarine

Hybrid Green was a new color name but its true color came from Green

Iowa A-maize-ing Iowa was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Dandelion

Idaho Tater Tan was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Desert Sand

Illinois Abe Lincoln's Hat was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Black

Indiana Indianappleaous Red was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Brink Pink

Kansas Yellow Brick Road was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Yellow

Kentucky Fort Knox Gold was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Gold

Land of the Free was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Jungle Green

Lemonade was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Yellow

Liberty Blue was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Blue

Lincoln Penny was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Brown

Louisiana Cajun Crawfish Orange was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Red Orange

Magic Potion was a new color name but its true color came from Red

Massachusetts Boston Tea Party was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Burnt Sienna

Maryland Francis Scott Kiwi was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Screamin’ Green

Maine Lobster Red was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Red

Michigan Motown Blues was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Navy Blue

Minnesota 10,000 Lakes of Blue was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Cornflower

Missouri Archway Gray was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Gray

Mississippi Mud Pie was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Brown

Mom's Apple Pie was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Antique Brass

Montana Big Sky was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Sky Blue

Monument Gray was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Gray

Mother Earth Brown was a new color name but its true color came from Brown

Mummy’s Tomb was a new color name but its true color came from Gray

Nebraska Cornhusker Yellow was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Goldenrod

North Carolina Grape Hatteras was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Royal Purple

North Dakota Wild Prairie Rose was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Tickle Me Pink

New Hampshire Old Man Granite Gray was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Timber Wolf

New Jersey Boardwalk was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Tumbleweed

New Mexico Chile Pepper Red was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Scarlet

Nevada Las Vegas Lights was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Electric Lime

New York Lady Liberty was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Sea Green

Ogre Odor was a new color name but its true color came from Red Orange

Ohio Rock 'n Roll Raspberry was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Red Violet

Oklahoma Panhandle Paintbrush was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Sunset Orange

Orange you glad you're in America? was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Orange

Orange Soda was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Orange

Oregon Oregon Trail was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Sepia

Pennsylvania Independence Indigo was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Indigo

Pepper Pal’s® Red was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Red

Pixie Powder was a new color name but its true color came from Blue Violet

Plump Purple was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Violet (purple)

Presidential Seal Gold was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Goldenrod

Princess Perfume was a new color name but its true color came from Tickle Me Pink

Puerto Rico Coqui Green was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Olive Green

Purification Purple was a new color name but its true color came from Violet (purple)

Purple Plum was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Royal Purple

Red Salsa was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Red

Revitalized Red was a new color name but its true color came from Red

Rhode Island Newport Jazzberry Festival was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Jazzberry Jam

Rockets Red Glare was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Maroon

Rockets’ Red Glare was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Wild Strawberry

Sasquatch Socks was a new color name but its true color came from Violet Red

Sea Serpent was a new color name but its true color came from Robin’s Egg Blue

Sea to Shining Sea was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Pacific Blue

Sizzling Red was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Brick Red

Slimy Green was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Green

Smashed Pumpkin was a new color name but its true color came from Orange

Solar Yellow was a new color name but its true color came from Yellow

Sour Apple was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Granny Smith Apple

South Carolina Palmetto was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Fern

South Dakota Remarkable Mount Rushmore was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Almond

Sunburnt Cyclops was a new color name but its true color came from Mango Tango

Sweet Brown was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Brown          

Target® Red was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Red

Tart Orange was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Red Orange                        

Tennessee Tennesienna was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Mahogany

Texas Alamo a la Mode was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Blue Bell

The Color Purple was a new color name but its true color came from Blue Violet

U.S. Mint was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with Shamrock

Utah Bee-utah-ful was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Sunglow

Virginia Williamsburgundy was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Maroon

Vermont Maple Syrup was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Chestnut

Washington DC Cherry Blossom was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Salmon

Washington Space Needle was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained White

West Virginia Coal Miner was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Outer Space

White House was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained with White

Winter Wizard was a new color name but its true color came from Sky Blue

Wisconsin Moovalous Cheese was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Yellow Orange

Wyoming Yellowstone was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Unmellow Yellow

Yankee Doodle Dandelion was discontinued as a color name but its true color remained Apricot

Yellow Sunshine was a new color name from half of a double-ended crayon which used the true color Apricot

 

The overall named color count jumped up from 668 to 709 and overall true colors stayed the same at 321.  As for active named colors; they decreased from 219 to 179 while active true colors remained at 147.

 

Let’s take a look at the color list at the end of 2006:

 

Named
Color #

True
Color #

 

Color Name

Year

Named

True Color

Year

End

Date


End Reason

All

UC

All

LC

Mix

UC/LC

Other Name Variations on Wrapper


Notes

1

1

Black

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 #34 black

Same color as Kitty Cat Black, Leather Jacket, Licorice, Black Hole, Muscle Shell Black (Black), New Sneakers, Starry Night, Storm Cloud Black, Cosmic Black, Shades of Black, Allen Iverson's favorite – black, Illinois Abe Lincoln’s Hat, Cleaner Coal Black, Eerie Black

1

125

Black

1903

1980

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

1

212

Black

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set, same color as Black with glitzy gold glitter

2

2

Blue

1903

1903

1935

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

True color renamed to Celestial Blue

2

66

Blue

1903

1935

1949

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

2

70

Blue

1903

1949

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 #1 blue

Same color as Birdie Blue, Blueberry, New Car, Blustery Blue, Deep Sea, Galaxy Blue, Hetty the Duck Blue, Mole Blue, Overalls Blue, Bell-Bottom Blue, Derrick Coleman's favorite – blue, Matt Harpring's favorite – blue, Speedy Claxton's favorite – blue, iron man blue, liberty blue, Blue Cheese, Bushkill Blue, America the Blue-tiful, Clearwater Blue

2

213

Blue

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Blue with shimmering silver glitter

2

117

Blue

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

3

3

Brown

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Same color as Van Dyke Brown, Bunny Brown, Chocolate, Mouse Brown, Asteroid Brown, Ocean Floor (Brown), Pet Shop, Whoo Brown, Woodstock Mud, Chock-A-Lot Shake, Portobello, Mississippi Mud Pie, Brown Sugar, Mother Earth Brown, Sweet Brown

4

4

Burnt Sienna

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Bt. Sienna, Burnt-Sienna; #44 burnt sienna

Same color as Baseball Mitt, Massachusetts Boston Tea Party

4

118

Burnt Sienna

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

bt. sienna

Part of the Fabric specialty set

5

5

Burnt Umber

1903

1903

1949

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

6

6

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Only found in No. 51 box

6

2

Celestial Blue

1903

1903

1944

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Reused color name for orig. 1903 Blue color; only found in No. 52 box

7

7

Charcoal Gray

1903

1903

1910

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Charc Gray

 

8

8

Chrome Green, Dark

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green DK, Ch. Green Dk.

Same color as Green, Dark, Dark Green, Pine Green

9

9

Chrome Green, Light

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

Chr Green L, CHR. GREEN L, Chr Green Lt.

Same color as Green, Light

10

10

Chrome Green, Medium

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr. Green M

Same color as Green, Medium; Medium Green

11

11

Chrome Yellow, Light

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Yellow

12

12

Chrome Yellow, Medium

1903

1903

1935

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

Chr Yellow Med.

Same color as Yellow, Medium; Medium Yellow; Goldenrod

13

13

Cobalt Blue

1903

1903

1958

Discontinued

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Light Blue; only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon 1935-1943; Not available 1944-1948 due to WWII

13

126

Cobalt Blue

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

14

14

Copper

1903

1903

 

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

Unavailable between 1915 and 1958

14

127

Copper

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set, same color as Copper Penny (Silver Swirls set)

15

15

Dark Blue

1903

1903

1917

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

 

Same color as Prussian Blue, Midnight Blue

16

8

Dark Green

1903

1903

1949

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Green Dark, Pine Green

16

71

Dark Green

1903

1949

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

 

 

Same color as Forest Green, Grass Green 

17

16

English Vermillion

1903

1903

1935

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

Eng. Vermillion, Eng. Vermilion

 

18

17

Flesh Tint

1903

1903

1949

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Only available in bulk as a named wrapper crayon starting 1935; Same color as Flesh, Pink Beige, Peach; Not available 1944 due to WWII

19

18

Gold

1903

1903

1953

Switched true colors

 

 

Yes

 

1915-1943 only offered in Bulk; Not available 1944-1952 due to WWII

19

84

Gold

1903

1953

 

 

Yes

Yes

 

 

Same color as Galatic Gold. Sunken Treasure, Kentucky Fort Knox Gold

19

128

Gold

1903

1987

1992

Discontinued

 

 

Yes

 

Part of the Canadian Metallic specialty set

20

19

Gold Ochre

1903

1903

1958

Used as other name

Yes

 

Yes

 

Same color as Golden Ochre, Maize

21

19

Golden Ochre

1903

1903

1910

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Gold Ochre, Maize

22

20

Green

1903

1903

1930

Switched true colors

Yes

 

Yes

 

 

22

61

Green

1903

1930

 

 

 

Yes

Yes

 #21 green

Same color as Leap Frog Green, Bullfrog Green, Graphic Green, Martian Green (Green), Mole’s Green Boots, Sea Sperpent Green (Green), Eric Snow's favorite – green, Chili’s® Green, Lucy™ Lettuce Green, Hybrid Green, Slimy Green

22

119

Green

1903

1976

 

 

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Fabric specialty set

22

214

Green

1903

1993

1994

Discontinued

 

Yes

 

 

Part of the Glitter specialty set; same color as Green with twinkling turquoise glitter

23

8

Green, Dark

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Dark; Dark Green; Pine Green

24

9

Green, Light

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

 

 

Yes

 

Same color as Chrome Green, Light

25

10

Green, Medium

1903

1903

1914

Used as other name

Yes

 

No

Green, Med.,

Same color as Chrome Green, Medium; Medium Green

26